Nikon D5100 Owner S Manual

Nikon-D5100-Users-Manual-346776 nikon-d5100-users-manual-346776

Manual D5100_EN Nikon D5100 User Manual | Manual Device

25476 to the manual 50994246-5b82-4272-b65a-bd54ba19d512

2014-07-06

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quotation in critical articles or reviews), may be made without written authorization
from NIKON CORPORATION.
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6MB11511-01
DIGITAL CAMERA
En
User's Manual
En
Product Documentation
Thank you for your purchase of a Nikon single-lens reflex (SLR) digital camera.
The
documentation for this product consists of a Users Manual (this booklet) and a
Reference Manual (pdf).
To get the most from your camera, please be sure to read all
instructions thoroughly and keep them where they will be read by all those who use
the product.
The Reference Manual can be viewed using Adobe Reader or Adobe Acrobat Reader
5.0 or later, available for free download from the Adobe website.
1Start the computer and insert the reference CD.
2Double-click the CD (Nikon D5100) icon in Computer or My Computer (Windows)
or on the desktop (Macintosh).
3Double-click the INDEX.pdf icon to display a language selection screen and click a
language to display the Reference Manual.
Additional information on camera menus and other topics can be found using the
cameras on-board help system as described on page 8 of this guide.
Symbols and Conventions
To make it easier to find the information you need, the following symbols and conventions are
used:
Digitutor
“Digitutor, a series of “watch and learn” manuals in movie form, is available from the following
website: http://www.nikondigitutor.com/index_eng.html
AFor Your Safety
Before using the camera for the first time, read the safety instructions in “For Your Safety”
(0ii–vi).
For information on basic
camera operations, see the
User’s Manual (this
booklet).
For complete product
information, see the
Reference Manual
(available on the
supplied reference CD).
DThis icon marks cautions; information that should be read before use to prevent
damage to the camera.
AThis icon marks notes; information that should be read before using the camera.
0This icon marks references to other pages in this manual.
DIGITAL CAMERA
En
User's Manual
En
i
For Your Safety .............................................................................................................................................ii
Notices ...........................................................................................................................................................iii
X Introduction 01
Package Contents ...................................................................................................................................... 1
Getting to Know the Camera................................................................................................................. 2
Camera Menus ............................................................................................................................................ 8
First Steps.................................................................................................................................................... 12
s Basic Photography and Playback 017
Battery Level and Card Capacity......................................................................................................... 17
Taking Photographs................................................................................................................................ 18
Creative Photography (Scene Modes)..............................................................................................21
Basic Playback ........................................................................................................................................... 26
z More on Photography 028
Release Mode ............................................................................................................................................ 28
Focus............................................................................................................................................................. 32
Image Quality and Size .......................................................................................................................... 35
Using the Built-in Flash .......................................................................................................................... 37
ISO Sensitivity............................................................................................................................................ 40
Interval Timer Photography ................................................................................................................. 41
P, S, A, and M Modes................................................................................................................................ 43
x Live View/Movies 044
Framing Photographs in the Monitor............................................................................................... 44
Recording Movies .................................................................................................................................... 51
Viewing Movies......................................................................................................................................... 54
%
Special Effects 055
Shooting with Special Effects .............................................................................................................. 55
Q ViewNX 2 061
Installing ViewNX 2.................................................................................................................................. 61
Using ViewNX 2......................................................................................................................................... 63
n Technical Notes 0 65
Compatible CPU Lenses......................................................................................................................... 65
Other Accessories..................................................................................................................................... 66
Caring for the Camera ............................................................................................................................ 68
Error Messages .......................................................................................................................................... 72
Specifications............................................................................................................................................. 75
ii
For Your Safety
To prevent damage to your Nikon product or injury to yourself or to others, read the following safety
precautions in their entirety before using this equipment.
Keep these safety instructions where all those
who use the product will read them.
The consequences that could result from failure to observe the precautions listed in this section are
indicated by the following symbol:
❚❚ WARNINGS
AKeep the sun out of the frame
Keep the sun well out of the frame when shooting
backlit subjects.
Sunlight focused into the camera when
the sun is in or close to the frame could cause a fire.
ADo not look at the sun through the viewfinder
Viewing the sun or other strong light source through the
viewfinder could cause permanent visual impairment.
AUsing the viewfinder diopter control
When operating the viewfinder diopter control with
your eye to the viewfinder, care should be taken not to
put your finger in your eye accidentally.
ATurn off immediately in the event of malfunction
Should you notice smoke or an unusual smell coming
from the equipment or AC adapter (available
separately), unplug the AC adapter and remove the
battery immediately, taking care to avoid burns.
Continued operation could result in injury.
After
removing the battery, take the equipment to a Nikon-
authorized service center for inspection.
ADo not use in the presence of flammable gas
Do not use electronic equipment in the presence of
flammable gas, as this could result in explosion or fire.
AKeep out of reach of children
Failure to observe this precaution could result in injury.
ADo not disassemble
Touching the product’s internal parts could result in
injury.
In the event of malfunction, the product should
be repaired only by a qualified technician.
Should the
product break open as the result of a fall or other
accident, remove the battery and/or AC adapter and
then take the product to a Nikon-authorized service
center for inspection.
ADo not place the strap around the neck of an infant or child
Placing the camera strap around the neck of an infant or
child could result in strangulation.
AObserve caution when using the flash
Using the camera with the flash in close contact with
the skin or other objects could cause burns.
Using the flash close to the subjects eyes could cause
temporary visual impairment.
Particular care should
be observed when photographing infants, when the
flash should be no less than one meter (39 in.) from the
subject.
AAvoid contact with liquid crystal
Should the monitor break, care should be taken to avoid
injury due to broken glass and to prevent the liquid
crystal from the monitor touching the skin or entering
the eyes or mouth.
AObserve proper precautions when handling batteries
Batteries may leak or explode if improperly handled.
Observe the following precautions when handling
batteries for use in this product:
Use only batteries approved for use in this equipment.
Do not short or disassemble the battery.
Be sure the product is off before replacing the battery.
If you are using an AC adapter, be sure it is unplugged.
Do not attempt to insert the battery upside down or
backwards.
Do not expose the battery to flame or to excessive
heat.
Do not immerse in or expose to water.
Replace the terminal cover when transporting the
battery.
Do not transport or store the battery with
metal objects such as necklaces or hairpins.
Batteries are prone to leakage when fully discharged.
To avoid damage to the product, be sure to remove the
battery when no charge remains.
When the battery is not in use, attach the terminal
cover and store in a cool, dry place.
The battery may be hot immediately after use or when
the product has been used on battery power for an
extended period.
Before removing the battery turn
the camera off and allow the battery to cool.
Discontinue use immediately should you notice any
changes in the battery, such as discoloration or
deformation.
AUse appropriate cables
When connecting cables to the input and output jacks,
use only the cables provided or sold by Nikon for the
purpose to maintain compliance with product
regulations.
ACD-ROMs
CD-ROMs containing software or manuals should not be
played back on audio CD equipment.
Playing CD-ROMs
on an audio CD player could cause hearing loss or
damage the equipment.
AThis icon marks warnings.
To prevent possible injury, read all warnings before using this Nikon
product.
iii
AObserve proper precautions when handling the charger
Keep dry.
Failure to observe this precaution could
result in fire or electric shock.
Do not short the charger terminals.
Failure to observe
this precaution could result in overheating and
damage to the charger.
Dust on or near the metal parts of the plug should be
removed with a dry cloth.
Continued use could result
in fire.
Do not go near the charger during thunderstorms.
Failure to observe this precaution could result in
electric shock.
Do not handle the plug or charger with wet hands.
Failure to observe this precaution could result in
electric shock.
Do not use with travel converters or adapters designed
to convert from one voltage to another or with DC-to-
AC inverters.
Failure to observe this precaution could
damage the product or cause overheating or fire.
No part of the manuals included with this product may be
reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval
system, or translated into any language in any form, by
any means, without Nikons prior written permission.
Nikon reserves the right to change the specifications of
the hardware and software described in these manuals at
any time and without prior notice.
Nikon will not be held liable for any damages resulting
from the use of this product.
While every effort has been made to ensure that the
information in these manuals is accurate and complete,
we would appreciate it were you to bring any errors or
omissions to the attention of the Nikon representative in
your area (address provided separately).
Notices for Customers in the U.S.A.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Radio Frequency Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with
the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC rules.
These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses,
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications.
However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation.
If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which
can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by
one or more of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and
receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit
different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television
technician for help.
CAUTIONS
Modifications
The FCC requires the user be notified that any changes or
modifications made to this device that are not expressly
approved by Nikon Corporation may void the user’s
authority to operate the equipment.
Interface Cables
Use the interface cables sold or provided by Nikon for your
equipment.
Using other interface cables may exceed the
limits of Class B Part 15 of the FCC rules.
Notice for Customers in the State of California
WARNING: Handling the cord on this product may expose you
to lead, a chemical known to the State of California to cause
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Wash hands after
handling.
Nikon Inc., 1300 Walt Whitman Road, Melville, New York
11747-3064, U.S.A.
Tel.: 631-547-4200
Notices
The Battery Charger
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS—SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
DANGERTO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK, CAREFULLY
FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS
For connection to a supply not in the U.S.A., use an attachment plug adapter of the proper configuration for the power
outlet if needed. This power unit is intended to be correctly oriented in a vertical or floor mount position.
D5100
iv
Notice for Customers in Canada
CAUTION
This Class B digital apparatus complies with
Canadian ICES-003.
ATTENTION
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme
à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Notices for Customers in Europe
This symbol indicates that this product is
to be collected separately.
The following apply only to users in
European countries:
This product is designated for separate
collection at an appropriate collection point. Do
not dispose of as household waste.
For more information, contact the retailer or the
local authorities in charge of waste management.
This symbol on the battery indicates that
the battery is to be collected separately.
The following apply only to users in
European countries:
All batteries, whether marked with this symbol or
not, are designated for separate collection at an
appropriate collection point.
Do not dispose of as
household waste.
For more information, contact the retailer or the
local authorities in charge of waste management.
Disposing of Data Storage Devices
Please note that deleting images or formatting memory cards or other data storage devices does not
completely erase the original image data.
Deleted files can sometimes be recovered from discarded
storage devices using commercially available software, potentially resulting in the malicious use of
personal image data.
Ensuring the privacy of such data is the user’s responsibility.
Before discarding a data storage device or transferring ownership to another person, erase all data using
commercial deletion software, or format the device and then completely refill it with images containing no
private information (for example, pictures of empty sky).
Be sure to also replace any pictures selected for
preset manual white balance.
Care should be taken to avoid injury when physically destroying data
storage devices.
AVC Patent Portfolio License
THIS PRODUCT IS LICENSED UNDER THE AVC PATENT PORTFOLIO LICENSE FOR THE PERSONAL AND NON-COMMERCIAL USE OF
A CONSUMER TO (i) ENCODE VIDEO IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE AVC STANDARD (“AVC VIDEO”) AND/OR (ii) DECODE AVC VIDEO
THAT WAS ENCODED BY A CONSUMER ENGAGED IN A PERSONAL AND NON-COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY AND/OR WAS OBTAINED
FROM A VIDEO PROVIDER LICENSED TO PROVIDE AVC VIDEO.
NO LICENSE IS GRANTED OR SHALL BE IMPLIED FOR ANY OTHER
USE.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION MAY BE OBTAINED FROM MPEG LA, L.L.C.
SEE http://www.mpegla.com
CAUTION
RISK OF EXPLOSION IF BATTERY IS REPLACED BY AN INCORRECT TYPE. DISPOSE OF USED BATTERIES ACCORDING TO
THE INSTRUCTIONS.
v
Use Only Nikon Brand Electronic Accessories
Nikon cameras are designed to the highest standards and include complex electronic circuitry.
Only Nikon
brand electronic accessories (including chargers, batteries, AC adapters, and flash accessories) certified by
Nikon specifically for use with this Nikon digital camera are engineered and proven to operate within the
operational and safety requirements of this electronic circuitry.
The use of non-Nikon electronic accessories could damage the camera and may void your
Nikon warranty.
The use of third-party rechargeable Li-ion batteries not bearing the Nikon
holographic seal shown at right could interfere with normal operation of the camera or
result in the batteries overheating, igniting, rupturing, or leaking.
For more information about Nikon brand accessories, contact a local authorized Nikon dealer.
Notice Concerning Prohibition of Copying or Reproduction
Note that simply being in possession of material that has been digitally copied or reproduced by means of
a scanner, digital camera, or other device may be punishable by law.
Items prohibited by law from being copied or reproduced
Do not copy or reproduce paper money, coins, securities, government bonds, or local government
bonds, even if such copies or reproductions are stamped “Sample.
The copying or reproduction of paper money, coins, or securities which are circulated in a foreign country
is prohibited.
Unless the prior permission of the government has been obtained, the copying or reproduction of
unused postage stamps or post cards issued by the government is prohibited.
The copying or reproduction of stamps issued by the government and of certified documents stipulated
by law is prohibited.
Cautions on certain copies and reproductions
The government has issued cautions on copies or reproductions of securities issued by private
companies (shares, bills, checks, gift certificates, etc.), commuter passes, or coupon tickets, except when
a minimum of necessary copies are to be provided for business use by a company.
Also, do not copy or
reproduce passports issued by the government, licenses issued by public agencies and private groups, ID
cards, and tickets, such as passes and meal coupons.
Comply with copyright notices
The copying or reproduction of copyrighted creative works such as books, music, paintings, woodcuts,
prints, maps, drawings, movies, and photographs is governed by national and international copyright
laws.
Do not use this product for the purpose of making illegal copies or to infringe copyright laws.
vi
DUse Only Nikon Brand Accessories
Only Nikon brand accessories certified by Nikon specifically for use with your Nikon digital
camera are engineered and proven to operate within its operational and safety
requirements.
THE USE OF NON-NIKON ACCESSORIES COULD DAMAGE YOUR CAMERA AND MAY VOID YOUR
NIKON WARRANTY.
AServicing the Camera and Accessories
The camera is a precision device and requires regular servicing.
Nikon recommends that the
camera be inspected by the original retailer or a Nikon-authorized service representative
once every one to two years, and that it be serviced once every three to five years (note that
fees apply to these services).
Frequent inspection and servicing are particularly
recommended if the camera is used professionally.
Any accessories regularly used with the
camera, such as lenses or optional flash units, should be included when the camera is
inspected or serviced.
ABefore Taking Important Pictures
Before taking pictures on important occasions (such as at weddings or before taking the
camera on a trip), take a test shot to ensure that the camera is functioning normally.
Nikon
will not be held liable for damages or lost profits that may result from product malfunction.
ACamera Settings
The explanations in this manual assume that default settings are used.
ALife-Long Learning
As part of Nikon’s “Life-Long Learningcommitment to ongoing product support and
education, continually-updated information is available on-line at the following sites:
For users in the U.S.A.: http://www.nikonusa.com/
For users in Europe and Africa: http://www.europe-nikon.com/support/
For users in Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East: http://www.nikon-asia.com/
Visit these sites to keep up-to-date with the latest product information, tips, answers to
frequently-asked questions (FAQs), and general advice on digital imaging and photography.
Additional information may be available from the Nikon representative in your area.
See the
following URL for contact information: http://imaging.nikon.com/
1
X
X
Introduction
Confirm that the package contains the following items:
Purchasers of the lens kit option should confirm that the package also includes a lens.
Memory cards are sold separately.
Package Contents
BS-1 accessory
shoe cover
DK-5
eyepiece
cap
DK-20 rubber
eyecup AN-DC3
strap
BF-1B body cap UC-E6
USB cable
D5100 digital camera
EN-EL14 rechargeable Li-ion
battery (with terminal cover)
MH-24 battery charger (plug
adapter supplied in countries or
regions where required; shape
depends on country of sale)
EG-CP14 audio/video (A/V)
cable
ViewNX 2 CD
Users Manual (this booklet)
Quick Start Guide
Reference CD
Warranty
AAttaching the Strap
Attach the strap securely to the two eyelets on the camera body.
2
X
Getting to Know the Camera
Take a few moments to familiarize yourself with camera controls and displays.
You
may find it helpful to bookmark this section and refer to it as you read through the
rest of the manual.
The Camera Body
12
13
14
16
15
1
18
17
21
19
20
22
23
3
4
7
10
8
2
5
6
9
11
24
25
26
27
28
29
1Mode dial...................................4
2Live view switch ..............44, 51
3R
(information) button
.... 6, 48
4Movie-record button............ 51
5E (exposure compensation)
button
N (aperture) button............. 43
Flash compensation button
6
Shutter-release button
... 18–19
7Power switch.............................3
8AF-assist illuminator
Self-timer lamp...................... 30
Red-eye reduction lamp ..... 39
9Infrared receiver (front)....... 30
10 Body cap ..............................1, 16
11 CPU contacts...........................65
12 Built-in flash..................... 20, 37
13 M (flash mode) button..........39
Y (flash compensation)
button
14 Speaker
15 Focal plane mark (E)
16 Eyelet for camera strap .......... 1
17 Microphone ..................... 51, 53
18 Connector cover
19 E (self-timer) button............31
Fn (function) button
20 Mounting mark......................13
21 Lens release button.............. 16
22 Mirror
23 Lens mount
24 Accessory shoe cover
25 Accessory shoe (for optional
flash units)
26 Accessory terminal ............... 67
27 USB and A/V connector
28
HDMI mini-pin connector
29
Connector for external
microphone
.......................... 67
3
X
The Camera Body (Continued)
17
8
9
10
13
17
16
15
12
11
14
20
21
19
22
18
3
4
5
6
2
1Viewfinder eyepiece..............31
2Rubber eyecup .......................31
3G (menu) button................8
Two-button reset button
4Infrared receiver (rear)..........30
5Monitor ............................... 5, 14
Viewing settings...................6
Live view...............................48
Full-frame playback ...........26
6Tripod socket
7Diopter adjustment
control...................................15
8P (information edit)
button .....................................6
Two-button reset button
9A (AE-L/AF-L) button .......... 51
L (protect) button
10 Command dial ..........23, 43, 55
11 K (playback) button ........... 26
12 Memory card slot cover....... 13
13 Multi selector ............................8
14 J (OK) button..........................8
15 X (playback zoom in)
button................................... 27
16 Memory card access lamp
...................................13, 19, 44
17 O (delete) button
Deleting pictures during
playback............................... 27
18 Power connector cover for
optional power connector
19 Battery-chamber cover latch
20 Battery-chamber cover
21 W (thumbnail/playback
zoom out) button............... 27
Q (help) button ........................ 8
22 Battery latch .................... 12, 15
AThe Power Switch
Rotate the power switch as shown to turn
the camera on.
Rotate the power switch as shown to turn
the camera off.
X
4
The Mode Dial
The camera offers a choice of the following shooting modes:
P, S, A, and M Modes (043)
Select these modes for full control over
camera settings.
PProgrammed auto
SShutter-priority auto
AAperture-priority auto
M—Manual
Auto Modes (018)
Select these modes for simple, point-
and-shoot photography.
i Auto
j Auto (flash off)
Special Effects Modes
Use special effects during shooting.
% Night vision (056)
g Color sketch
(056, 58)
( Miniature effect
(056, 58)
3 Selective color
(057, 59)
1 Silhouette (057)
2 High key (057)
3 Low key (057)
Scene Modes
The camera automatically optimizes settings to suit the scene selected with the mode dial.
Match your selection to the scene being photographed.
k Portrait (021)
l Landscape (021)
p Child (022)
m Sports (022)
n Close up (022)
h:Other scenes (023)
AScene Auto Selector (Live View)
Selecting live view in i or j mode enables automatic scene selection (“scene auto
selector”; 049) when autofocus is used.
5
X
The Monitor
The monitor can be angled and rotated as shown below.
Normal use
Fold the monitor against the camera face out.
This position is recommended for normal
photography.
Low-angle shots
Frame live view shots with the camera close to
the ground.
High-angle shots
Frame live view shots while holding the camera
over your head.
Self-portraits
Use for self-portraits in live view.
The monitor
shows a mirror image of what will appear in the
final picture.
DUsing the Monitor
Rotate the monitor gently within the limits shown.
Do not use force.
Failure to observe these
precautions could damage the connection between the monitor and the camera body.
To
protect the monitor when the camera is not in use, fold it back face down against the camera
body.
ASee Also
See “Framing Photographs in the Monitor” for information on framing photographs in the
monitor (044).
90° 180°
180°
X
6
The Information Display
Camera settings can be viewed and adjusted in the information
display.
Press the P button once to view settings, and again to
make changes to settings.
Highlight items using the multi
selector and press J to view options for the highlighted item.
P button
19
1487 9 10 11 12 13
16 18 20
4
6
5
1
3
15
2
17
27
26
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
25
23 242221
1Shooting mode
i auto/
j auto (flash off) .............. 18
Scene modes ...................... 21
P, S, A, and M modes........... 43
Special effects mode......... 55
2Aperture (f-number) ............ 43
3Shutter speed ........................ 43
4Shutter-speed display
5Aperture display
6Auto-area AF indicator ........ 34
3D-tracking indicator........... 34
Focus point
7Manual flash indicator
Flash compensation indicator
for optional flash units
8Print date indicator
9Auto ISO sensitivity indicator
10 Multiple exposure indicator
11 HDR indicator
12 “Beep” indicator
13 Battery indicator....................17
14
GPS connection indicator
15 Eye-Fi connection indicator
16 Help icon..................................72
17 ADL bracketing amount
18 Exposure indicator
Exposure compensation
indicator
Bracketing progress indicator
19 Number of exposures
remaining ............................17
White balance recording
indicator
Capture mode indicator
20 “K” (appears when memory
remains for over 1,000
exposures)............................17
21 Flash mode ............................. 38
22 Flash compensation
23 Exposure compensation
24 Picture Control
25 Image quality......................... 35
26 Image size............................... 36
27 White balance
28 ISO sensitivity......................... 40
29 Release mode......................... 28
30 Focus mode ......................32, 45
31 AF-area mode ..................34, 46
32 Metering
33
Active D-Lighting
34 Bracketing increment
7
X
The Viewfinder
1
2 3
1210
13
1614
6 7 84
11 15
59
1Focus points
2Focus indicator.........................................................19
3Autoexposure (AE) lock indicator
4Shutter speed ...........................................................43
5Aperture (f-number) ...............................................43
6Battery indicator ......................................................17
7Bracketing indicator
8“K” (appears when memory remains for over
1,000 exposures)...................................................17
9Flash-ready indicator ..............................................20
10 Flexible program indicator
11 Exposure indicator
Exposure compensation display
Electronic rangefinder
12 Flash compensation indicator
13 Exposure compensation indicator
14 Auto ISO sensitivity indicator
15 Number of exposures remaining ........................17
Number of shots remaining before memory
buffer fills................................................................29
White balance recording indicator
Exposure compensation value
Flash compensation value
Capture mode indicator
ISO sensitivity............................................................40
16 Warning indicator ....................................................72
DThe Viewfinder
The response time and brightness of the viewfinder display may vary with temperature.
8
X
Camera Menus
Most shooting, playback, and setup options can
be accessed from the camera menus.
To view the
menus, press the G button.
Using Camera Menus
The multi selector and J button are used to navigate the camera menus.
Tabs
Choose from the following menus:
D: Playback (010)
C: Shooting (010)
A: Custom Settings (011)
B: Setup (011)
N: Retouch (011)
m/O: Recent settings or My Menu (011)
d
If a d icon is displayed at the bottom left corner of the
monitor, help can be displayed by pressing the Q (W)
button.
Press 1 or 3 to scroll through the display.
Press
Q (W) again to return to the menus.
Move cursor up
Cancel and return to previous menu
J button: select highlighted item
Select highlighted item or display sub-
menu
Move cursor down
G button
Slider shows position in current menu.
Current settings are shown by icons.
Menu options
Options in current menu.
Q (W) button
9
X
Follow the steps below to navigate the menus.
1Display the menus.
Press the G button to display the menus.
2Highlight the icon for the current menu.
Press 4 to highlight the icon for the current
menu.
3Select a menu.
Press 1 or 3 to select the desired menu.
4Position the cursor in the selected menu.
Press 2 to position the cursor in the selected
menu.
5Highlight a menu item.
Press 1 or 3 to highlight a menu item.
G button
X
10
6Display options.
Press 2 to display options for the selected menu
item.
7Highlight an option.
Press 1 or 3 to highlight an option.
8Select the highlighted item.
Press J to select the highlighted item.
To exit
without making a selection, press the G
button.
Note the following:
Menu items that are displayed in gray are not currently available.
While pressing 2 generally has the same effect as pressing J, there are some
cases in which selection can only be made by pressing J.
To exit the menus and return to shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway (019).
❚❚ DPlayback Menu Options
❚❚ CShooting Menu Options
Delete
Playback folder
Playback display options
Image review
Rotate tall
Slide show
DPOF print order
Reset shooting menu
Storage folder
Image quality
Image size
White balance
Set Picture Control
Manage Picture Control
Auto distortion control
Color space
Active D-Lighting
HDR (high dynamic range)
Long exposure NR
High ISO NR
ISO sensitivity settings
Release mode
Multiple exposure
Movie settings
Interval timer shooting
11
X
❚❚ ACustom Settings
❚❚ BSetup Menu Options
*Only available when
compatible Eye-Fi memory
card is inserted.
❚❚ NRetouch Menu Options
❚❚ mRecent Settings/OMy Menu (Defaults to mRecent Settings)
Reset custom settings
Autofocus
a1: AF-C priority selection
a2: Built-in AF-assist illuminator
a3: Rangefinder
Exposure
b1: EV steps for exposure cntrl.
Timers/AE lock
c1: Shutter-release button AE-L
c2: Auto off timers
c3: Self-timer
c4: Remote on duration
Shooting/display
d1: Beep
d2: ISO display
d3: File number sequence
d4: Exposure delay mode
d5: Print date
Bracketing/flash
e1: Flash cntrl for built-in flash
e2: Auto bracketing set
Controls
f1: Assign E/Fn button
f2: Assign AE-L/AF-L button
f3: Reverse dial rotation
f4: Slot empty release lock
f5: Reverse indicators
Format memory card
Monitor brightness
Info display format
Auto info display
Clean image sensor
Lock mirror up for cleaning
Video mode
HDMI
Flicker reduction
Time zone and date
Language
Image comment
Auto image rotation
Image Dust Off ref photo
GPS
Eye-Fi upload *
Firmware version
D-Lighting
Red-eye correction
Trim
Monochrome
Filter effects
Color balance
Image overlay
NEF (RAW) processing
Resize
Quick retouch
Straighten
Distortion control
Fisheye
Color outline
Color sketch
Perspective control
Miniature effect
Selective color
Edit movie
AFor More Information
Information on individual menu options is available using the camera’s on-board help (08)
and in the Reference Manual on the supplied reference CD (for information on viewing the
Reference Manual, see the inside front cover of this booklet).
12
X
First Steps
Always turn the camera off before inserting or removing batteries or memory cards.
1Charge the battery.
If a plug adapter is supplied, raise the wall plug and connect the plug adapter
as shown below at left, making sure the plug is fully inserted.
Insert the battery
and plug the charger in.
An exhausted battery will fully charge in about an hour
and thirty minutes.
2Insert the battery.
Check to be sure the battery is in the correct orientation.
Battery
charging
Charging
complete
DCharging the Battery
Read and follow the warnings and cautions on pages ii–iii and 69–71 of this manual.
Charge the battery indoors at ambient temperatures of 5–35 °C (41–95 °F).
Do not use
the battery at ambient temperatures below 0 °C/32 °F or above 40 °C/104 °F; failure to
observe this precaution could damage the battery or impair its performance.
Capacity
may be reduced and charging times may increase at battery temperatures from 0 °C/
32 °F to 15 °C/59 °F and from 45 °C/113 °F to 60 °C/140 °F.
The battery will not charge
if its temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F) or above 60 °C (140 °F). If the CHARGE lamp flickers
during charging, confirm that the temperature is in the correct range and then unplug
the charger and remove and reinsert the battery.
If the problem persists, cease use
immediately and take battery and charger to your retailer or a Nikon-authorized
service representative.
Use battery to press
orange battery
latch to one side.
Latch clicks into
place when battery
is fully inserted.
13
X
3Insert a memory card (available separately).
Check to be sure the card is in the correct orientation.
4Attach a lens.
Be careful to prevent dust from entering the camera when the lens or body cap
is removed.
Autofocus is available with AF-S lenses.
The lens kit option
includes an AF-S lens; for information on other lenses that
can be used with the D5100, see page 65.
If the lens has a vibration reduction (VR) switch, select ON
to reduce the effects of vibration.
AFormatting Memory Cards
If this is the first time the memory card will be used in the
camera or if the card has been formatted in another device,
select Format memory card in the setup menu and follow the
on-screen instructions to format the card (011). Note that this
permanently deletes any data the card may contain.
Be sure to
copy any photographs and other data you wish to keep to a
computer before proceeding.
Keeping marks aligned, position lens
on camera, then rotate until lens clicks
into place.
DCPU Lenses with Aperture Rings
In the case of CPU lenses equipped with an aperture ring (065), lock aperture at the
minimum setting (highest f-number).
4 GB
X
14
5Open the monitor.
Open the monitor as shown.
Do not use force.
6Choose a language and set the camera clock.
Turn the camera on.
A language-selection dialog will be displayed; use the
multi selector and J button to select a language and set the camera clock.
Move cursor up
J button: select highlighted item
Select highlighted item or display
sub-menu
Move cursor down
qwe
Select language Select time zone Select date format
rt Note: The language and
date/time can be changed
at any time using the
Language and Time
zone and date options in
the setup menu (011).
Select daylight saving
time option
Set time and date
AThe Camera Clock
The camera clock is less accurate than most watches and household clocks.
Check the
clock regularly against more accurate time pieces and reset as necessary.
15
X
7Focus the viewfinder.
Rotate the diopter adjustment control until the
viewfinder display and focus point are in sharp
focus.
When operating the control with your eye
to the viewfinder, be careful not to put your
fingers or fingernails in your eye.
AAdjusting Viewfinder Focus
If you are unable to focus the viewfinder as described above, select single-servo autofocus
(AF-S; 032), single-point AF (c; 034), and the center focus point, and then frame a high-
contrast subject in the center focus point and press the shutter-release button halfway to
focus the camera.
With the camera in focus, use the diopter adjustment control to bring the
subject into clear focus in the viewfinder.
If necessary, viewfinder focus can be further
adjusted using optional corrective lenses.
ARemoving the Battery
To remove the battery, turn the camera off and open the
battery-chamber cover.
Press the battery latch in the
direction shown by the arrow to release the battery and then
remove the battery by hand.
ARemoving Memory Cards
After confirming that the access lamp is off, turn the camera
off, open the memory card slot cover, and press the card in
to eject it (q).
The card can then be removed by hand (w).
DMemory Cards
Memory cards may be hot after use.
Observe due caution when removing memory cards
from the camera.
Do not remove memory cards from the camera, turn the camera off, or remove or
disconnect the power source during formatting or while data are being recorded, deleted,
or copied to a computer.
Failure to observe these precautions could result in loss of data
or in damage to the camera or card.
Do not touch the card terminals with your fingers or metal objects.
Do not bend, drop, or subject to strong physical shocks.
Do not apply force to the card casing.
Failure to observe this precaution could damage
the card.
Do not expose to water, heat, high levels of humidity, or direct sunlight.
Focus point
X
16
AThe Write Protect Switch
Memory cards are equipped with a write protect switch to
prevent accidental loss of data.
When this switch is in the
“lock” position, the memory card can not be formatted and
photos can not be deleted or recorded (a beep will sound if
you attempt to release the shutter).
To unlock the memory
card, slide the switch to the “write” position.
ADetaching the Lens
Be sure the camera is off when removing or exchanging
lenses.
To remove the lens, press and hold the lens release
button (q) while turning the lens clockwise (w).
After
removing the lens, replace the lens caps and camera body
cap.
DVibration Reduction
Do not turn the camera off or remove the lens while vibration reduction is in effect.
If power
to the lens is cut while vibration reduction is on, the lens may rattle when shaken.
This is not
a malfunction, and can be corrected by reattaching the lens and turning the camera on.
Vibration reduction is disabled while the built-in flash is charging.
When vibration reduction
is active, the image in the viewfinder may be blurred after the shutter is released.
This does
not indicate a malfunction; wait for the image in the viewfinder to stabilize before shooting.
Write-protect switch
4
GB
17
s
s
Basic Photography and Playback
Before shooting, turn the camera on and check the battery level and number of
exposures remaining in the information display or viewfinder (if the monitor is off,
press the P button to view the information display; if the monitor does not turn on,
the battery is exhausted and must be recharged).
❚❚ Battery Level
❚❚ Number of Exposures Remaining
The information display and viewfinder show the
number of photographs that can be stored on the
memory card (values over 1,000 are rounded down to
the nearest hundred; e.g., values between 1,200 and
1,299 are shown as 1.2 K).
If a warning is displayed
stating that there is not enough memory for
additional photographs, insert another memory card
(013) or delete some photos (026).
Battery Level and Card Capacity
Information display Viewfinder Description
L Battery fully charged.
KBattery partially
discharged.
Hd
Low battery.
Ready fully-
charged spare battery or
prepare to charge battery.
H
(blinks)
d
(blinks)
Battery exhausted; shutter
release disabled.
Charge
or exchange battery.
18
s
Taking Photographs
This section describes how to take photographs in i and j modes, automatic
point-and-shoot” modes in which the majority of settings are controlled by the
camera in response to shooting conditions.
1Turn the camera on.
Remove the lens cap and turn the camera on.
The information display will
appear in the monitor.
2Select i or j mode.
To shoot where use of a flash is prohibited,
photograph infants, or capture natural lighting
under low light conditions, select auto (flash off)
mode by rotating the mode dial to j.
Otherwise, rotate the mode dial to i (auto).
3Ready the camera.
When framing photographs in the viewfinder,
hold the handgrip in your right hand and cradle
the camera body or lens with your left.
Keep
your elbows propped lightly against your torso
for support and place one foot half a pace ahead
of the other to keep your upper body stable.
In j mode, shutter speeds slow when lighting is poor; use of a tripod is
recommended.
4Frame the photograph.
Frame a photograph in the viewfinder with the
main subject in at least one of the 11 focus
points.
5Press the shutter-release button halfway.
Press the shutter-release button halfway to
focus.
The camera will select the focus points
automatically.
If the subject is poorly lit, the flash
may pop up and the AF-assist illuminator may
light.
Mode dial
Focus point
19
s
6Check the indicators in the viewfinder.
When the focus operation is complete, the
selected focus points will be briefly highlighted,
a beep will sound (a beep may not sound if the
subject is moving), and the in-focus indicator (I)
will appear in the viewfinder.
While the shutter-release button is pressed halfway, the number of exposures
that can be stored in the memory buffer (“t”; 029) will be displayed in the
viewfinder.
7Shoot.
Smoothly press the shutter-release button the
rest of the way down to release the shutter and
record the photograph.
The access lamp next to
the memory card slot cover will light and the
photograph will be displayed in the monitor for a
few seconds (the photo will automatically clear
from the display when the shutter-release
button is pressed halfway).
Do not eject the
memory card or remove or disconnect the power
source until the lamp has gone out and recording is
complete.
In-focus indicator Description
ISubject in focus.
I (blinks) Camera unable to focus using
autofocus.
See page 33.
AThe Shutter-Release Button
The camera has a two-stage shutter-release button.
The camera focuses when the shutter-
release button is pressed halfway.
To take the photograph, press the shutter-release button
the rest of the way down.
Focus: press halfway Shoot: press all the way down
In-focus
indicator
Buffer
capacity
Access lamp
20
s
AAuto Meter-Off
The viewfinder and information display will turn off if no operations are performed for about
8 seconds (auto meter-off), reducing the drain on the battery.
Press the shutter-release
button halfway to reactivate the display.
The auto meter-off delay can be selected using
Custom Setting c2 (Auto off timers; 011).
8 s
Exposure meters on Exposure meters off Exposure meters on
AThe Built-in Flash
If additional lighting is required for correct exposure in i mode, the
built-in flash will pop up automatically when the shutter-release
button is pressed halfway.
If the flash is raised, photographs can only
be taken when the flash-ready indicator (M) is displayed.
If the flash-
ready indicator is not displayed, the flash is charging; remove your
finger briefly from the shutter-release button and try again.
To save battery power when the flash is not in use, return it to its
closed position by pressing it gently downward till the latch clicks
into place.
AUsing a Zoom Lens
Use the zoom ring to zoom in on the subject so that it fills a
larger area of the frame, or zoom out to increase the area
visible in the final photograph (select longer focal lengths
on the lens focal length scale to zoom in, shorter focal
lengths to zoom out).
AImage Sensor Cleaning
The camera vibrates the low-pass filter covering the image sensor to remove dust when the
camera is turned on or off.
Zoom in
Zoom out
Zoom ring
21
s
Creative Photography (Scene Modes)
The camera offers a choice of “scene” modes.
Choosing a scene
mode automatically optimizes settings to suit the selected scene,
making creative photography as simple as selecting a mode, framing
a picture, and shooting as described on pages 018–20.
The Mode Dial
The following scenes can be selected with the mode
dial:
kPortrait
Use for portraits with soft, natural-looking
skin tones.
If the subject is far from the
background or a telephoto lens is used,
background details will be softened to
lend the composition a sense of depth.
lLandscape
Use for vivid landscape shots in daylight.
The built-in flash and AF-assist illuminator
turn off; use of a tripod is recommended
to prevent blur when lighting is poor.
Mode dial
22
s
pChild
Use for snapshots of children. Clothing
and background details are vividly
rendered, while skin tones remain soft and
natural.
mSports
Fast shutter speeds freeze motion for
dynamic sports shots in which the main
subject stands out clearly.
The built-in
flash and AF-assist illuminator turn off.
nClose up
Use for close-up shots of flowers, insects,
and other small objects (a macro lens can
be used to focus at very close ranges).
Use
of a tripod is recommended to prevent
blur.
23
s
Other Scenes
The following scenes can be selected by rotating the mode dial to h and rotating
the command dial until the desired scene appears in the monitor.
Mode dial Command dial Monitor
oNight Portrait
Use for a natural balance between the
main subject and the background in
portraits taken under low light.
Use of a
tripod is recommended to prevent blur.
rNight Landscape
Reduce noise and unnatural colors when
photographing night landscapes,
including street lighting and neon signs.
The built-in flash and AF-assist illuminator
turn off; use of a tripod is recommended
to prevent blur.
sParty/Indoor
Capture the effects of indoor background
lighting.
Use for parties and other indoor
scenes.
24
s
tBeach/Snow
Capture the brightness of sunlit expanses
of water, snow, or sand.
The built-in flash
and AF-assist illuminator turn off.
uSunset
Preserves the deep hues seen in sunsets
and sunrises. The built-in flash and AF-
assist illuminator turn off; use of a tripod is
recommended to prevent blur when
lighting is poor.
vDusk/Dawn
Preserves the colors seen in the weak
natural light before dawn or after sunset.
The built-in flash and AF-assist illuminator
turn off; use of a tripod is recommended
to prevent blur when lighting is poor.
wPet Portrait
Use for portraits of active pets.
The AF-
assist illuminator turns off.
25
s
xCandlelight
For photographs taken by candlelight.
The built-in flash turns off; use of a tripod
is recommended to prevent blur when
lighting is poor.
yBlossom
Use for fields of flowers, orchards in
bloom, and other landscapes featuring
expanses of blossoms.
The built-in flash
turns off; use of a tripod is recommended
to prevent blur when lighting is poor.
zAutumn Colors
Captures the brilliant reds and yellows in
autumn leaves.
The built-in flash turns off;
use of a tripod is recommended to prevent
blur when lighting is poor.
0Food
Use for vivid photographs of food.
Use of
a tripod is recommended to prevent blur;
the flash can also be used (037).
26
s
Basic Playback
Photographs are automatically displayed for a few seconds after shooting.
If no
photograph is displayed in the monitor, the most recent picture can be viewed by
pressing the K button.
1Press the K button.
A photograph will be displayed in the
monitor.
2View additional pictures.
Additional pictures can be displayed by
pressing 4 or 2 or rotating the command
dial.
To view additional information on the
current photograph, press 1 and 3.
To end playback and return to shooting
mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
K button
100D5100
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NIKON D51001/ 12
27
s
To display images in “contact sheets” of four,
nine, or 72 images (thumbnail playback),
press the W button.
Use the multi selector
or command dial to highlight images and
press J to display the highlighted image full
frame.
Press X to reduce the number of
images displayed.
To view images taken on a selected date
(calendar playback), press the W button
when 72 images are displayed.
Press the W
button to toggle between the date list and
the list of thumbnails for the selected date.
Use the multi selector to highlight dates in
the date list or to highlight pictures in the
thumbnail list.
Press X when the cursor is in
the date list to return to 72-frame playback.
To delete the photograph currently
displayed in full-frame playback or
highlighted in thumbnail playback or the
thumbnail list, press the O button.
A
confirmation dialog will be displayed; press
the O button again to delete the image and
return to playback (to exit without deleting
the picture, press K).
To end playback and return to shooting
mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
Full-frame
playback
Calendar
playback
Thumbnail playback
AFor More Information
See the Reference Manual (available in pdf format on the supplied reference CD) for complete
information on P, S, A, and M modes, playback, printing pictures, viewing pictures on TV,
camera menus, troubleshooting, and optional flash units.
For information on viewing the
Reference Manual, see the inside front cover of this booklet.
W button
W W W W
XXXX
Thumbnail lis
t
Date list
O button
z
28
z
More on Photography
Choose from the following release modes:
1Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in the monitor, press the P button.
Press the P button again to place the cursor in the information display.
2Display release-mode options.
Highlight the current release mode in the
information display and press J.
Release Mode
Mode Description
8Single frame: Camera takes one photograph each time shutter-release button is pressed.
IContinuous: While shutter-release button is held down, camera records up to 4 frames
per second.
ESelf-timer: Use self-timer for self-portraits or to reduce blurring caused by camera shake
(030).
"Delayed remote: Shutter is released 2 s after shutter-release button on optional ML-L3
remote control is pressed (030).
#Quick-response remote: Shutter is released when shutter-release button on optional ML-L3
remote control is pressed (030).
J
Quiet shutter release: As for single frame, except that mirror does not click back into place
while shutter-release button is fully pressed, allowing user to control timing of click
made by mirror, which is also quieter than in single frame mode.
Also, beep does not
sound when camera focuses, keeping noise to a minimum in quiet surroundings.
Information display P button
29
z
3Choose a release mode.
Highlight a release mode and press J.
To return
to shooting mode, press the shutter-release
button halfway.
A The Memory Buffer
The camera is equipped with a memory buffer for temporary storage, allowing shooting to
continue while photographs are being saved to the memory card.
Up to 100 photographs
can be taken in succession; note, however, that frame rate will drop when the buffer is full.
While photographs are being recorded to the memory card, the access lamp next to the
memory card slot will light.
Depending on the number of the images in the buffer,
recording may take from a few seconds to a few minutes.
Do not remove the memory card or
remove or disconnect the power source until the access lamp has gone out.
If the camera is
switched off while data remain in the buffer, the power will not turn off until all images in the
buffer have been recorded. If the battery is exhausted while images remain in the buffer, the
shutter release will be disabled and the images transferred to the memory card.
ABuffer Size
The approximate number of images that can be stored in the
memory buffer at current settings is shown in the viewfinder
exposure-count display while the shutter-release button is pressed. The illustration shows
the display when space remains in the buffer for about 27 pictures.
AAuto Image Rotation
The camera orientation recorded for the first shot applies to all images in the same burst,
even if the camera is rotated during shooting.
30
z
Self-Timer and Remote Control Modes
The self-timer and optional ML-L3 remote control (067) can be used to reduce
camera shake or for self-portraits.
1Mount the camera on a tripod.
Mount the camera on a tripod or place the camera on a stable, level surface.
2Select a release mode.
Select E (self-timer), " (delayed remote), or # (quick-
response remote) mode (028; note that if no operations
are performed for about a minute after a remote control
mode is selected, the camera will automatically return to
single frame, continuous, or quiet shutter-release mode).
3Frame the photograph.
Remote control mode: Check focus by pressing the shutter-release button halfway.
No photograph will be taken even if the button is pressed all the way down.
4Take the photograph.
Self-timer mode: Press the shutter-release button
halfway to focus, and then press the button the
rest of the way down.
The self-timer lamp will
start to blink and a beep will begin to sound.
Two
seconds before the photo is taken, the lamp will
stop blinking and the beeping will become more rapid.
The shutter will be
released ten seconds after the timer starts.
Remote control mode: From a distance of 5 m (16 ft.) or less,
aim the transmitter on the ML-L3 at either of the infrared
receivers on the camera (02, 3) and press the ML-L3
shutter-release button.
In delayed remote mode, the self-
timer lamp will light for about two seconds before the
shutter is released.
In quick-response remote mode, the self-
timer lamp will flash after the shutter has been released.
Note that the timer may not start or a photograph may not be taken if the camera is
unable to focus or in other situations in which the shutter can not be released.
Turning the camera off cancels self-timer and remote control release modes and
restores single frame, continuous, or quiet shutter-release mode.
31
z
DBefore Using the Remote Control
Before using the remote control for the first time, remove the clear plastic battery-insulator
sheet.
ACover the Viewfinder
When taking photos without your eye to the
viewfinder, remove the DK-20 rubber eyecup
(q) and insert the supplied DK-5 eyepiece cap
as shown (w).
This prevents light entering via
the viewfinder interfering with exposure.
Hold
the camera firmly when removing the rubber
eyecup.
DUsing the Built-in Flash
Before taking a photograph with the flash in P, S, A, M, or 0 modes, press the Mbutton to raise
the flash and wait for the M indicator to be displayed in the viewfinder (020).
Shooting will
be interrupted if the flash is raised while a remote control mode is in effect or after the self-
timer has started.
If the flash is required, the camera will only respond to the ML-L3 shutter-
release button once the flash has charged.
In auto or scene modes in which the flash pops
up automatically, the flash will begin charging when a remote control mode is selected; once
the flash is charged, it will automatically pop up and fire when required.
Note that only one
photograph will be taken when the flash fires, regardless of the number of exposures
selected for Custom Setting c3 (Self-timer).
In flash modes that support red-eye reduction, the red-eye reduction lamp will light for
about one second before the shutter is released in quick-response remote mode.
In delayed
remote mode, the self-timer lamp will light for two seconds, followed by the red-eye
reduction lamp which light for one second before the shutter is released.
AThe E Button
Self-timer mode can also be selected by pressing the
E button.
DK-20 rubber eyecup DK-5 eyepiece cap
q w
E button
32
z
Focus
This section describes the focus options available when photographs are framed in
the viewfinder.
Focus Mode
Choose from the following focus modes.
Note that AF-S and AF-C are available only in
modes P, S, A, and M.
1Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in the monitor, press the P button.
Press the P button again to place the cursor in the information display.
2Display focus-mode options.
Highlight the current focus mode in the
information display and press J.
Option Description
AF-A Auto-servo
AF
Camera automatically selects single-servo autofocus if subject is
stationary, continuous-servo autofocus if subject is moving.
Shutter can
only be released if camera is able to focus.
AF-S Single-servo
AF
For stationary subjects.
Focus locks when shutter-release button is
pressed halfway.
Shutter can only be released if camera is able to focus.
AF-C Continuous-
servo AF
For moving subjects.
Camera focuses continuously while shutter-
release button is pressed halfway.
If subject moves, camera will engage
predictive focus tracking to predict final distance to subject and adjust
focus as necessary.
At default settings, shutter can only be released if
camera is able to focus.
MF Manual focus Focus using the lens focus ring (if the lens is equipped with an M/A-M or
A-M mode switch, slide the switch to M before focusing).
Information display P button
33
z
3Choose a focus mode.
Highlight a focus mode and press J.
To return
to shooting mode, press the shutter-release
button halfway.
APredictive Focus Tracking
In AF-C mode or when continuous-servo autofocus is selected in AF-A mode, the camera will
initiate predictive focus tracking if the subject moves toward or away from the camera while
the shutter-release button is pressed halfway.
This allows the camera to track focus while
attempting to predict where the subject will be when the shutter is released.
DContinuous-servo Autofocus
When Focus is selected for Custom Setting a1 (AF-C priority selection) and the camera is in
AF-C mode or continuous-servo autofocus is selected in AF-A mode, the camera gives higher
priority to focus response (has a wider focus range) than in AF-S mode, and the shutter may
be released before the in-focus indicator is displayed.
AGetting Good Results with Autofocus
Autofocus does not perform well under the conditions listed below.
The shutter release may
be disabled if the camera is unable to focus under these conditions, or the in-focus indicator
(I) may be displayed and the camera may sound a beep, allowing the shutter to be released
even when the subject is not in focus.
In these cases, focus manually or use focus lock to
focus on another subject at the same distance and then recompose the photograph.
There is little or no contrast
between the subject and the
background.
Example: Subject is the same
color as the background.
The focus point contains
areas of sharply contrasting
brightness.
Example: Subject is half in
the shade.
The focus point contains
objects at different distances
from the camera.
Example: Subject is inside a
cage.
Background objects appear
larger than the subject.
Example: A building is in the
frame behind the subject.
The subject is dominated by
regular geometric patterns.
Example: Blinds or a row of
windows in a skyscraper.
The subject contains many
fine details.
Example: A field of flowers or
other subjects that are
small or lack variation in
brightness.
34
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AF-Area Mode
Choose how the focus point for autofocus is selected.
Note that d (Dynamic-area
AF) and f(3D-tracking (11 points)) are not available when AF-S is selected for
focus mode.
1Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in the monitor, press the P button.
Press the P button again to place the cursor in the information display.
2Display AF-area mode options.
Highlight the current AF-area mode in the
information display and press J.
3Choose an AF-area mode.
Highlight an AF-area mode and press J.
To
return to shooting mode, press the shutter-
release button halfway.
Option Description
cSingle-point AF User selects focus point using multi selector; camera focuses on
subject in selected focus point only.
Use with stationary subjects.
dDynamic-area AF
In AF-A and AF-C focus modes, user selects focus point using multi selector,
but camera will focus based on information from surrounding focus
points if subject briefly leaves selected point. Use with erratically
moving subjects.
f 3D-tracking
(11 points)
In AF-A and AF-C focus modes, user selects focus point using multi selector.
If subject moves after camera has focused, camera uses 3D-tracking
to select new focus point and keep focus locked on original subject
while shutter-release button is pressed halfway.
If subject leaves
viewfinder, remove your finger from shutter-release button and
recompose photograph with subject in selected focus point.
eAuto-area AF Camera automatically detects subject and selects focus point.
Information display P button
35
z
Image Quality and Size
Together, image quality and size determine how much space each photograph
occupies on the memory card.
Larger, higher quality images can be printed at larger
sizes but also require more memory, meaning that fewer such images can be stored
on the memory card.
Image Quality
Choose a file format and compression ratio (image quality).
1Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in the monitor, press the P button.
Press the P button again to place the cursor in the information display.
2Display image quality options.
Highlight the current image quality in the
information display and press J.
3Choose a file type.
Highlight an option and press J.
To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
Option File type Description
NEF (RAW) NEF
Raw 14-bit data from the image sensor are saved directly to the memory
card.
Settings such as white balance and contrast can be adjusted on a
computer after shooting.
JPEG fine
JPEG
Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 4 (fine quality).
JPEG normal Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 8 (normal quality).
JPEG basic Record JPEG images at a compression ratio of roughly 1 : 16 (basic quality).
NEF (RAW) +
JPEG fine
NEF/
JPEG
Two images are recorded: one NEF (RAW) image and one fine-quality JPEG
image.
NEF (RAW) +
JPEG normal
Two images are recorded: one NEF (RAW) image and one normal-quality
JPEG image.
NEF (RAW) +
JPEG basic
Two images are recorded: one NEF (RAW) image and one basic-quality
JPEG image.
Information display P button
36
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Image Size
Image size is measured in pixels.
Choose from the following options:
1Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in the monitor, press the P button.
Press the P button again to place the cursor in the information display.
2Display image size options.
Highlight the current image size in the
information display and press J.
3Choose an image size.
Highlight an option and press J.
To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
Image size Size (pixels) Print size (cm/in.)*
# Large 4,928 × 3,264 41.7 × 27.6/16.4 × 11.4
$ Medium 3,696× 2,448 31.3 × 20.7/12.3 × 8.2
% Small 2,464 × 1,632 20.9 × 13.8/8.2 × 5.4
*Approximate size when printed at 300 dpi.
Print size in inches equals image size in pixels
divided by printer resolution in dots per inch (dpi; 1 inch=approximately 2.54 cm).
Information display P button
AFile Names
Photographs are stored as image files with names of the form “DSC_nnnn.xxx,” where nnnn
is a four-digit number between 0001 and 9999 assigned automatically in ascending order by
the camera, and xxx is one of the following three letter extensions: “NEF” for NEF images,
JPG” for JPEG images, or “MOV” for movies.
The NEF and JPEG files recorded at a setting of
NEF (RAW)+JPEG have the same file names but different extensions.
37
z
Using the Built-in Flash
The camera supports a variety of flash modes for photographing poorly lit or backlit
subjects.
❚❚ Using the Built-in Flash: i, k, p, n, o, s, w, and g Modes
1Choose a flash mode (038).
2Take pictures.
The flash will pop up as required when the
shutter-release button is pressed halfway, and
fire when a photograph is taken.
If the flash does
not pop up automatically, DO NOT attempt to raise it
by hand.
Failure to observe this precaution could
damage the flash.
❚❚ Using the Built-in Flash: P, S, A, M, and 0 Modes
1Raise the flash.
Press the M button to raise the flash.
2Choose a flash mode (P, S, A, and M modes
only; 038).
3Take pictures.
The flash will fire whenever a picture is taken.
ALowering the Built-in Flash
To save power when the flash is not in use, press it gently downward
until the latch clicks into place.
M button
38
z
Flash Mode
The flash modes available vary with shooting mode:
1Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in the monitor, press the P button.
Press the P button again to place the cursor in the information display.
2Display flash mode options.
Highlight the current flash mode in the
information display and press J.
3Choose a flash mode.
Highlight a mode and press J.
To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
i, k, p, n, s, w, go 0
No Auto NjrAuto+slow sync+
red-eye reduction
NFill flash
NjoAuto+red-eye reduction
jOff Nr Auto+slow sync
jOff
P, A S, M
NFill flash NFill flash
NjRed-eye reduction NjRed-eye reduction
NjpSlow sync+red-eye reduction Nq Rear-curtain sync
Np Slow sync
Nq*Rear curtain+slow sync
*p appears in information display when setting is complete.
Information display P button
39
z
AFlash Modes
The flash modes listed on the previous page may combine one or more of the following
settings, as shown by the flash mode icon:
AUTO (auto flash): When lighting is poor or subject is back lit, flash pops up automatically
when shutter-release button is pressed halfway and fires as required.
j (red-eye reduction): Use for portraits.
Red-eye reduction lamp lights before flash fires,
reducing “red-eye.
j (off): Flash does not fire even when lighting is poor or subject is back-lit.
SLOW (slow sync): Shutter speed slows automatically to capture background lighting at night
or under low light.
Use to include background lighting in portraits.
REAR (rear-curtain sync): Flash fires just before shutter closes, creating a stream of light behind
moving light sources (below at right).
If this icon is not displayed, flash will fire as the
shutter opens (front-curtain sync; the effect this produces with moving light sources is
shown below at left).
Front-curtain sync Rear-curtain sync
AChoosing a Flash Mode
The flash mode can also be
selected by pressing the M
button and rotating the
command dial (in P, S, A, M, and 0
modes, raise the flash before
using the M button to choose the
flash mode).
+
M button Command dial Information display
AThe Built-in Flash
For information on the lenses that can be used with the built-in flash, see the Reference
Manual (on CD).
Remove lens hoods to prevent shadows.
The flash has a minimum range of
0.6 m (2 ft.) and can not be used in the macro range of zoom lenses with a macro function.
The shutter release may be briefly disabled to protect the flash after it has been used for
several consecutive shots.
The flash can be used again after a short pause.
AShutter Speeds Available with the Built-in Flash
Shutter speed is restricted to the following ranges when the built-in flash is used:
Mode Shutter speed Mode Shutter speed
i, k, p, s, w, g, P, A1/2001/60 sS1/200–30 s
n, 01/2001/125 sM1/200–30 s, Bulb
o1/200–1 s
40
z
ISO Sensitivity
“ISO sensitivity” is the digital equivalent of film speed.
The higher the ISO sensitivity,
the less light needed to make an exposure, allowing higher shutter speeds or smaller
apertures, but the more likely the image is to be affected by noise (randomly-spaced
bright pixels, fog, or lines; noise is particularly likely at settings of Hi 0.3–Hi 2).
Choosing Auto allows the camera to set ISO sensitivity automatically in response to
lighting conditions.
1Place the cursor in the information display.
If shooting information is not displayed in the monitor, press the P button.
Press the P button again to place the cursor in the information display.
2Display ISO sensitivity options.
Highlight the current ISO sensitivity in the
information display and press J.
3Choose an ISO sensitivity.
Highlight an option and press J.
To return to
shooting mode, press the shutter-release button
halfway.
Mode ISO sensitivity
i, j, %AUTO
P, S, A, M100–6400 in steps of 1/3 EV; Hi 0.3, Hi 0.7, Hi 1, Hi 2
Other shooting modes AUTO; 100–6400 in steps of 1/3 EV; Hi 0.3, Hi 0.7, Hi 1, Hi 2
Information display P button
41
z
Interval Timer Photography
The camera is equipped to take photographs automatically at preset intervals.
1Select Interval timer shooting.
Press the G button to display the menus.
Highlight Interval timer shooting in the
shooting menu and press 2.
2Choose a starting time.
Choose from the following starting triggers.
To start shooting immediately, highlight Now
and press 2.
Shooting begins about 3 s
after settings are completed; proceed to
Step 3.
To choose a starting time, highlight Start time
and press 2 to display the start time
options shown at right. Press 4 or 2 to
highlight hours or minutes and press 1 or
3 to change.
Press 2 to continue.
3Choose the interval.
Press 4 or 2 to highlight hours, minutes, or
seconds and press 1 or 3 to choose an
interval longer than the slowest anticipated
shutter speed.
Press 2 to continue.
DBefore Shooting
Before beginning interval timer photography, take a test shot at current settings and view
the results in the monitor. To ensure that shooting starts at the desired time, check that the
camera clock is set correctly (014).
Use of a tripod is recommended.
Mount the camera on a tripod before shooting begins.
To
ensure that shooting is not interrupted, be sure the battery is fully charged or use an
optional EH-5b AC adapter and EP-5A power connector.
G button
42
z
4Choose the number of intervals.
Press 4 or 2 to highlight number of
intervals (i.e., the number of times the
camera shoots); press 1 or 3 to change.
Press 2 to continue.
5Start shooting.
Highlight On and press J (to return to the
shooting menu without starting the interval
timer, highlight Off and press J).
The first
series of shots will be taken at the specified
starting time, or after about 3 s if Now was
selected for Choose start time in Step 2.
Shooting will continue at the selected
interval until all shots have been taken.
Note that because shutter speed and
the time needed to record the image to the memory card may vary from shot to
shot, the interval between a shot being recorded and the start of the next shot
may vary.
ACover the Viewfinder
To prevent light entering via the viewfinder interfering with exposure, remove the rubber
eyecup and cover the viewfinder with the supplied DK-5 eyepiece cap (031).
AOther Settings
Settings can not be adjusted during interval timer photography.
Regardless of the release
mode selected, the camera takes one photograph at each interval; in mode J, camera noise
will be reduced.
Bracketing, multiple exposure, and high dynamic range can not be used.
AInterrupting Interval Timer Photography
To interrupt interval timer shooting, turn the camera off or rotate the mode dial to a new
setting. Returning the monitor to the storage position does not interrupt interval timer
shooting.
43
z
P, S, A, and M Modes
P, S, A, and M modes offer different degrees of control over shutter
speed and aperture.
See the Reference Manual (on CD) for more
information on each mode.
Mode Description
PProgrammed auto
Camera sets shutter speed and aperture for optimal exposure
(user can rotate command dial to choose from different
combinations of shutter speed and aperture that will produce
optimal exposure).
Recommended for snapshots and in other
situations in which there is little time to adjust camera settings.
SShutter-priority auto User rotates command dial to choose shutter speed; camera
selects aperture for best results.
Use to freeze or blur motion.
AAperture-priority auto
User rotates command dial to choose aperture; camera selects
shutter speed for best results.
Use to blur background or bring
both foreground and background into focus.
MManual
User rotates command dial to choose shutter speed, presses
N(E) button and rotates command dial to choose aperture.
Set
shutter speed to “Bulb” or “Time” for long time-exposures.
AShutter Speed and Aperture
The same exposure can be achieved with different combinations of shutter speed and
aperture.
Fast shutter speeds and large apertures freeze moving objects and soften
background details, while slow shutter speeds and small apertures blur moving objects and
bring out background details.
Fast shutter speed
(1/1,600 s)
Slow shutter speed
(1 s)
Large aperture (f/5.6) Small aperture (f/22)
(Remember, the higher the f-number, the
smaller the aperture.)
Shutter speed Aperture
x
44
x
Live View/Movies
Follow the steps below to take photographs in live view.
1Rotate the live view switch.
The mirror will be raised and the view through
the lens will be displayed in the camera monitor.
The subject will no longer be visible in the
viewfinder.
2Position the focus point.
Position the focus point over your subject as
described on page 47.
3Focus.
Press the shutter-release button halfway.
The
focus point will blink green while the camera
focuses.
If the camera is able to focus, the focus
point will be displayed in green; if the camera is unable to focus, the focus point
will blink red (note that pictures can be taken even when the focus point blinks
red; check focus in the monitor before shooting).
Except in i and j modes,
exposure can be locked by pressing the AE-L/AF-L button.
4Take the picture.
Press the shutter-release button the rest of the
way down.
The monitor turns off and the
memory card access lamp lights during
recording.
Do not remove the battery or memory
card or unplug the optional AC adapter until
recording is complete.
When shooting is
complete, the photograph will be displayed in the monitor for a few seconds or
until the shutter-release button is pressed halfway.
The camera will then return
to live view mode.
To exit, rotate the live view switch.
Framing Photographs in the Monitor
Live view switch
Focus
point
Memory card access lamp
45
x
Focusing in Live View
Follow the steps below to choose focus and AF-area modes and position the focus
point.
❚❚ Choosing a Focus Mode
The following focus modes are available in live view:
1Place the cursor in the information
display.
Press the P button to place the cursor in
the information display.
2Display focus options.
Highlight the current focus mode in the
information display and press J.
3Choose a focus option.
Highlight an option and press J.
To return
to live view, press P.
Option Description
AF-S Single-servo
AF
For stationary subjects. Focus locks when shutter-release button is
pressed halfway.
AF-F Full-time-
servo AF
For moving subjects. Camera focuses continuously during live view and
movie recording.
MF Manual focus Focus manually.
For information on manual focus, see the Reference
Manual (on CD).
P button
x
46
❚❚ Choosing an AF-Area Mode
In modes other than i and j, the following AF-area modes can be selected in live
view:
1Place the cursor in the information
display.
Press the P button to place the cursor in
the information display.
2Display AF-area modes.
Highlight the current AF-area mode in the
information display and press J.
3Choose an AF-area mode.
Highlight an option and press J.
To return
to live view, press P.
Option Description
6Face-priority AF The camera automatically detects and focuses on portrait subjects
facing the camera.
Use for portraits.
7Wide-area AF Use for hand-held shots of landscapes and other non-portrait
subjects.
Use the multi selector to select the focus point.
8Normal-area AF Use for pin-point focus on a selected spot in the frame.
A tripod is
recommended.
9Subject-tracking AF Track a selected subject as it moves through the frame.
P button
47
x
❚❚ Choosing the Focus Point
The method for selecting the focus point for autofocus
varies with the option selected for AF-area mode
(046).
6 (face-priority AF): A double yellow border will be
displayed when the camera detects a portrait subject
facing the camera (if multiple faces, up to a maximum
of 35, are detected, the camera will focus on the closest
subject; to choose a different subject, use the multi
selector).
7/8 (wide- and normal-area AF): Use the multi selector to
move the focus point anywhere in the frame, or press
J to position the focus point in the center of the
frame.
9 (subject-tracking AF): Position the focus point over
your subject and press J.
The focus point will track
the selected subject as it moves through the frame. To
end focus tracking, press J a second time.
DSubject Tracking
The camera may be unable to track subjects if they move quickly, leave the frame or are
obscured by other objects, change visibly in size, color, or brightness, or are too small, too
large, too bright, too dark, or similar in color or brightness to the background.
Focus
point
Focus point
Focus point
x
48
AThe Live View Display
Item Description 0
qShooting mode The mode currently selected with the mode dial.
Select i
or j for automatic scene selection (autofocus only; 049). 4
w“No movie” icon Indicates that movies can not be recorded. 51
eAudio recording indicator Indicates whether sound is being recorded with movies. 51
rTime remaining The amount of time remaining before live view ends
automatically.
Displayed if shooting will end in 30 s or less. 50, 52
tFocus mode The current focus mode. 45
yAF-area mode The current AF-area mode. 46
uTime remaining
(movie mode) The recording time remaining in movie mode. 51
iMovie frame size The frame size of movies recorded in movie mode. 53
oFocus point The current focus point. The display varies with the option
selected for AF-area mode. 47
ALive View Display Options
Press the R button to cycle through display options as shown below.
Circled areas indicate edges of movie frame crop
Show indicators Hide indicators*Framing grid*
*A crop showing the area recorded is displayed during movie recording when frame sizes
other than 640 × 424 are selected for Movie settings > Movie quality in the shooting
menu (053; the area outside the movie frame crop is grayed out during recording).
i
o
u
q
w
e
r
y
t
49
x
AAutomatic Scene Selection (Scene Auto Selector)
If live view is selected in i or j mode, the camera will automatically
analyze the subject and select the appropriate shooting mode when
autofocus is enabled. The selected mode is shown in the monitor.
cPortrait Human portrait subjects
dLandscape Landscapes and cityscapes
eClose up Subjects close to the camera
fNight portrait Portrait subjects framed against a dark
background
iAuto Subjects suited to i or j mode or that do not
fall into the categories listed above
bAuto (flash off)
AFlicker
You may notice flicker or banding in the monitor during live view or when shooting movies
under certain types of lighting, such as fluorescent or mercury-vapor lamps.
Flicker and
banding can be reduced by choosing a Flicker reduction option that matches the
frequency of the local AC power supply (011).
AExposure
Depending on the scene, exposure may differ from that which would be obtained when live
view is not used.
Metering in live view is adjusted to suit the live view display, producing
photographs with exposure close to what is seen in the monitor.
In P, S, A, and % modes,
exposure can be adjusted by ±5 EV in increments of 1/3EV.
Note that the effects of values
over +3 EV or under –3 EV can not be previewed in the monitor.
DUsing Autofocus in Live View
Autofocus is slower in live view and the monitor may brighten or darken while the camera
focuses.
The camera may be unable to focus in the following situations:
The subject contains lines parallel to the long edge of the frame
The subject lacks contrast
The subject in the focus point contains areas of sharply contrasting brightness, or the
subject is lit by spot lighting or by a neon sign or other light source that changes in
brightness
Flicker or banding appears under fluorescent, mercury-vapor, sodium-vapor, or similar
lighting
A cross (star) filter or other special filter is used
The subject appears smaller than the focus point
The subject is dominated by regular geometric patterns (e.g., blinds or a row of windows
in a skyscraper)
The subject is moving
Note that the focus point may sometimes be displayed in green when the camera is unable
to focus.
x
50
DShooting in Live View Mode
To prevent light entering via the viewfinder from interfering with exposure, remove the
rubber eyecup and cover the viewfinder with the supplied DK-5 eyepiece cap before
shooting (031).
Although they will not appear in the final picture, flicker, banding, or distortion may be
visible in the monitor under fluorescent, mercury vapor, or sodium lamps or if the camera is
panned horizontally or an object moves at high speed through frame.
Bright light sources
may leave after-images when the camera is panned.
Bright spots may also appear.
When
shooting in live view mode, avoid pointing the camera at the sun or other strong light
sources.
Failure to observe this precaution could result in damage to the cameras internal
circuitry.
Live view ends automatically if the lens is removed or when the monitor is closed (closing
the monitor does not end live view on televisions or other external displays).
Live view may end automatically to prevent damage to the camera’s internal circuits; exit live
view when the camera is not in use.
Note that the temperature of the camera’s internal
circuits may rise and noise (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels, or fog) may be
displayed in the following instances (the camera may also become noticeably warm, but this
does not indicate a malfunction):
The ambient temperature is high
The camera has been used for extended periods in live view or to record movies
The camera has been used in continuous release mode for extended periods
If a warning is displayed when you attempt to start live view, wait for the internal circuits to
cool and then try again.
DThe Count Down Display
A count down will be displayed 30 s before live view ends automatically (
0
48
; the timer turns
red 5 s before the auto off timer expires or if live view is about to end to protect the internal
circuits).
Depending on shooting conditions, the timer may appear immediately when live
view is selected.
Note that although the count down does not appear in the information
display or during playback, live view will still end automatically when the timer expires.
51
x
Recording Movies
Movies can be recorded in live view.
1Rotate the live view switch.
The mirror is raised and the view through the lens is
displayed in the monitor instead of the viewfinder.
2Focus.
Frame the opening shot and focus as described in Steps 2
and 3 of “Framing Photographs in the Monitor” (044; see
also “Focusing in Live View” on pages 045–47).
Note that
the number of subjects that can be detected in face-
priority AF drops during movie recording.
3Start recording.
Press the movie-record button to start recording (the
camera can record both video and sound; do not cover the
microphone on the front of the camera during recording).
A recording indicator and the time available are displayed
in the monitor.
Except in i and j modes, exposure can
be locked by pressing the AE-L/AF-L button or (in modes P, S,
A, and %) altered by up to ±3 EV in steps of 1/3EV using
exposure compensation.
Note that the built-in
microphone may record lens noise during autofocus and
vibration reduction.
4End recording.
Press the movie-record button again to end recording.
Recording will end
automatically when the maximum length is reached, the memory card is full,
another mode is selected, the lens is removed, or the monitor is closed (closing
the monitor does not end recording on televisions or other external displays).
DThe 0 Icon
A 0 icon (048) indicates that movies can not be recorded.
ABefore Recording
Set aperture before recording in mode A or M.
Live view switch
Movie-record button
Recording indicator
Time remaining
x
52
ATaking Photographs During Movie Recording
To end movie recording, take a photograph, and exit to live view, press the shutter-release
button all the way down and hold it in this position until the shutter is released.
AMaximum Length
Each movie file can be up to 4 GB in size and 20 minutes long; note that depending on
memory card write speed, shooting may end before this length is reached (067).
Movies
recorded in miniature effect mode are up to three minutes long when played back.
DRecording Movies
Flicker, banding, or distortion may be visible in the monitor and in the final movie under
fluorescent, mercury vapor, or sodium lamps or if the camera is panned horizontally or an
object moves at high speed through frame (flicker and banding can be reduced by choosing
a Flicker reduction option that matches the frequency of the local AC power supply; 011).
Bright light sources may leave after-images when the camera is panned.
Jagged edges,
color fringing, moiré, and bright spots may also appear.
When recording movies, avoid
pointing the camera at the sun or other strong light sources.
Failure to observe this
precaution could result in damage to the cameras internal circuitry.
Live view may end automatically to prevent damage to the camera’s internal circuits; exit live
view when the camera is not in use.
Note that the temperature of the camera’s internal
circuits may rise and noise (bright spots, randomly-spaced bright pixels, or fog) may be
displayed in the following instances (the camera may also become noticeably warm, but this
does not indicate a malfunction):
The ambient temperature is high
The camera has been used for extended periods in live view or to record movies
The camera has been used in continuous release mode for extended periods
If a warning is displayed when you attempt to start live view or movie recording, wait for the
internal circuits to cool and then try again.
Matrix metering is used regardless of the metering method selected.
Shutter speed and ISO
sensitivity are adjusted automatically.
DThe Count-Down Display
A count down will be displayed 30 s before movie recording ends automatically (
0
48).
Depending on shooting conditions, the timer may appear immediately when movie
recording begins.
Note that regardless of the amount of recording time available, live view
will still end automatically when the timer expires.
Wait for the internal circuits to cool
before resuming movie recording.
53
x
❚❚ Movie Settings
Choose movie quality and sound options.
Movie quality: Choose from the following options.
The frame rate depends on
the option currently selected for Video mode in the setup menu (011):
Microphone: Selecting Microphone off turns sound recording off; selecting any
other option turns recording on and sets the built-in microphone or optional ME-1
stereo microphone (067) to the selected sensitivity.
1Select Movie settings.
Press the G button to display the menus.
Highlight Movie settings in the shooting
menu and press 2.
2Choose movie options.
Highlight the desired item and press 2, then
highlight an option and press J.
Movie quality Quality Bit rate
(high/normal quality)
Maximum
length
Frame size (pixels) Frame rate
r
1920 × 1080
30 fps 1, 2
high/normal
18 Mbps/10 Mbps
20 min. 4
s25 fps 2, 3
k24 fps
l
1280 × 720
30 fps 1
10 Mbps/6 Mbps
o25 fps 3
m24 fps 8 Mbps/5 Mbps
n640 × 424 30 fps 1
4Mbps/2Mbps
p25 fps 3
1Available when NTSC is selected for Video mode.
2 Not output to televisions or other external displays during recording.
3Available when PAL is selected for Video mode.
4 Movies recorded in miniature effect mode are up to 3 minutes long when played back.
G button
54
x
Viewing Movies
Movies are indicated by a 1 icon in full-frame playback (026).
Press J to start
playback.
The following operations can be performed:
1 icon Length Current position/total length
Volume Guide
To Use Description
Pause Pause playback.
Play JResume playback when movie is paused or during rewind/
advance.
Advance/
rewind
Speed doubles with each press, from 2×
to 4× to 8× to 16×; keep pressed to skip
to beginning or end of movie (first frame is indicated by h icon
in top right corner of monitor, last frame by i). If playback is
paused, movie rewinds or advances one frame at a time; keep
pressed for continuous rewind or advance.
Adjust volume X/WPress X to increase volume, W to decrease.
Edit movie ATo edit movie, press AE-L/AF-L while movie is paused.
Return to full-
frame playback /KPress 1 or K to exit to full-frame playback.
Exit to shooting
mode
Press shutter-release button halfway.
Monitor will turn off;
photographs can be taken immediately.
Display menus GSee page 8 for more information.
AThe 2 Icon
2 is displayed in full-frame and movie playback if the movie was
recorded without sound.
55
%
%
Special Effects
Special effects can be used when recording images.
The following effects can be selected by rotating the mode dial to q and rotating
the command dial until the desired option appears in the monitor.
Shooting with Special Effects
Mode dial Command dial Monitor
ANEF (RAW)
If NEF (RAW)+JPEG is selected for image quality in %, g, (, or 3 mode, only the JPEG images
will be recorded (035). If NEF (RAW) is selected, fine-quality JPEG photographs will be
recorded instead of NEF (RAW) images.
AThe 1 Icon
If a 1 icon is displayed in g or ( mode, no pictures will be taken while the shutter-release
button is pressed in continuous release mode.
AThe Retouch Menu
The Color sketch, Miniature effect, and Selective color options in the retouch menu
(011) can be used to apply these effects to existing pictures.
56
%
%Night Vision
Use under conditions of darkness to
record monochrome images at high ISO
sensitivities (with some noise in the form
of randomly-spaced bright pixels, fog, or
lines).
Autofocus is available in live view
only; manual focus can be used if the
camera is unable to focus.
The built-in
flash and AF-assist illuminator turn off; use
of a tripod is recommended to reduce blur.
gColor Sketch
The camera detects and colors outlines for
a color sketch effect.
Movies shot in this
mode play back like a slide show made up
of a series of stills. The effect can be
chosen during live view (044); note that
the display refresh rate drops when live
view is in effect and that the frame rate
drops in continuous release mode.
Autofocus is not available during movie
recording.
(Miniature Effect
Distant subjects appear as miniatures.
Miniature effect movies play back at high
speed, compressing 30 to 45 minutes of
footage shot at 1920 × 1080/30 fps into a
movie that plays back in about 3 minutes.
The effect can be chosen during live view
(058); note that the display refresh rate
drops when live view is in effect and that
the frame rate drops in continuous release
mode.
Sound is not recorded with movies;
autofocus is not available during movie
recording.
The built-in flash and AF-assist
illuminator turn off; use of a tripod is
recommended when lighting is poor.
57
%
3Selective Color
All colors other than the selected colors
are recorded in black and white.
The effect
can be chosen during live view (044).
The built-in flash turns off; use of a tripod
is recommended when lighting is poor.
1Silhouette
Silhouette subjects against bright
backgrounds.
The built-in flash turns off;
use of a tripod is recommended when
lighting is poor.
2High Key
Use with bright scenes to create bright
images that seem filled with light.
The
built-in flash turns off.
3Low Key
Use with dark scenes to create dark,
somber images with prominent
highlights.
The built-in flash turns off; use
of a tripod is recommended when lighting
is poor.
58
%
Options Available in Live View
❚❚ gColor Sketch
1Select live view.
Rotate the live view switch to raise the mirror and display
the view through the lens in the monitor.
2Adjust options.
Press J to display the options shown at right
(note that the options temporarily clear from the
display during autofocus).
Press 1 or 3 to
highlight Vividness or Outlines and press 4 or
2 to change.
Vividness can be increased to make
colors more saturated, or decreased for a washed-out, monochromatic effect,
while outlines can be made thicker or thinner.
Increasing the thickness of the
lines also makes colors more saturated.
Press J to exit when settings are
complete.
To exit live view, rotate the live view switch.
The selected settings
will continue in effect and will apply to photographs taken using the
viewfinder.
❚❚ (Miniature Effect
1Select live view.
Rotate the live view switch to raise the mirror and display the view through the
lens in the monitor.
2Position the focus point.
Use the multi selector to position the focus point
in the area that will be in focus and then press the
shutter-release button halfway to focus (note
that the options temporarily clear from the
display during autofocus).
To temporarily clear
miniature effect options from the display and enlarge the view in the monitor
for precise focus, press X.
Press W to restore the miniature effect display.
Live view switch
59
%
3Display options.
Press J to display miniature effect options.
4Adjust options.
Press 4 or 2 to choose the orientation of the area
that will be in focus and press 1 or 3 to adjust its
width.
5Return to the live view display.
Press J to return to live view.
To exit live view, rotate the live view switch. The
selected settings will continue in effect and will apply to photographs taken
using the viewfinder.
❚❚ 3Selective Color
1Select live view.
Rotate the live view switch to raise the mirror and display the view through the
lens in the monitor.
2Display options.
Press J to display selective color options.
3Select a color.
Frame an object in the white square in the center
of the display and press 1 to choose the color of
the object as one that will remain in the final
image (the camera may have difficulty detecting
unsaturated colors; choose a saturated color).
To
zoom in on the center of the display for more
precise color selection, press X.
Press W to zoom out.
Selected color
60
%
4Choose the color range.
Press 1 or 3 to increase or decrease the range of
similar hues that will be included in the final
image.
Choose from values between 1 and 7;
note that higher values may include hues from
other colors.
5Select additional colors.
To select additional colors, rotate the command
dial to highlight another of the three color boxes
at the top of the display and repeat Steps 3 and 4
to select another color.
Repeat for a third color if
desired.
To deselect the highlighted color, press
O, or press and hold O to remove all colors.
6Return to the live view display.
Press J to return to live view.
During shooting, only objects of the selected
hues will be recorded in color; all others will be recorded in black-and-white.
To
exit live view, rotate the live view switch.
The selected settings will continue in
effect and will apply to photographs taken using the viewfinder.
Color range
61
Q
Q
ViewNX 2
Install the supplied software to display and
edit photographs and movies that have
been copied to your computer.
Before
installing ViewNX 2, confirm that your
computer meets the system requirements
on page 62.
1Start the computer and insert the installer CD.
2Select a language.
If the desired language is not available,
click Region Selection to choose a
different region and then choose the
desired language (the Region
Selection button is not available in the
European release).
Installing ViewNX 2
Windows Mac OS
Double-click icon on desktop
Double-click Welcome icon
Your Imaging Toolbox
ViewNX 2TM
q
Select region (if required)
wSelect
language
eClick
Next
Q
62
3Start the installer.
Click Install and follow the on-screen instructions.
4Exit the installer.
The following software is installed:
5Remove the installer CD from the CD-ROM drive.
AInstallation Guide
For help installing ViewNX 2, click Installation Guide in
Step 3.
Windows Mac OS
Click Yes Click OK
ViewNX 2 Apple QuickTime (Windows only)
ASystem Requirements
Windows Mac OS
CPU
Photos/JPEG movies: Intel Celeron, Pentium 4, or Core
series, 1.6 GHz or better
H.264 movies (playback): 3.0 GHz or better Pentium D
H.264 movies (editing): 2.6 GHz or better Core 2 Duo
Photos/JPEG movies: PowerPC G4 (1GHz or
better), G5, Intel Core, or Xeon series
H.264 movies (playback): PowerPC G5
Dual or Core Duo, 2 GHz or better
H.264 movies (editing): 2.6 GHz or better
Core 2 Duo
OS
Pre-installed versions of Windows 7 Home Basic/
Home Premium/Professional/Enterprise/Ultimate
(Service Pack 1), Windows Vista Home Basic/
Home Premium/Business/Enterprise/Ultimate
(Service Pack 2), or Windows XP Home Edition/
Professional (Service Pack 3).
All installed programs run
as 32-bit applications in 64-bit editions of
Windows 7 and Windows Vista.
Mac OS X version 10.4.11, 10.5.8, or
10.6.7
RAM
Windows 7/Windows Vista: 1 GB or more (2GB or more
recommended)
Windows XP: 512 MB or more (2GB or more recommended)
512 MB or more (2 GB or more recommended)
Hard-disk
space A minimum of 500 MB available on the startup disk (1 GB or more recommended)
Monitor
Resolution: 1024×768 pixels (XGA) or more (1280×1024
pixels (SXGA) or more recommended)
Color: 24-bit color (True Color) or more
Resolution: 1024×768 pixels (XGA) or
more (1280×1024 pixels (SXGA) or more
recommended)
Color: 24-bit color (millions of colors) or more
Click Instal
l
63
Q
Using ViewNX 2
Step 1—Copy Pictures to the Computer
1Choose how pictures will be copied to the computer.
Choose one of the following methods:
Direct USB connection: Turn the camera off and ensure that the memory card is
inserted in the camera.
Connect the camera to the computer using the
supplied UC-E6 USB cable and then turn the camera on.
SD card slot: If your computer is equipped with an SD card slot, the card can be
inserted directly in the slot.
SD card reader: Connect a card reader (available separately from third-party
suppliers) to the computer and insert the memory card.
If a message is displayed prompting you to choose a program, select
Nikon Transfer 2.
2Confirm that the correct source is
selected.
Confirm that the camera or removable disk
appears as a device button in the “Source
panel of the Nikon Transfer 2 “Options” area.
AWindows 7
If the dialog shown at right is displayed, follow the
steps below to select Nikon Transfer 2.
1Select Nikon Transfer 2 for Import pictures and
videos.
Under Import pictures and videos, click
Change program. A program selection dialog will
be displayed; select Import File using Nikon Transfer 2 and click OK.
2Double-click Import File.
Device button
Q
64
3Click Start Transfer.
At default settings, all the pictures on the
memory card will be copied to the computer.
4Terminate the connection.
If the camera is connected to the computer, turn the camera off and disconnect
the USB cable.
If you are using a card reader or card slot, choose the appropriate
option in the computer operating system to eject the removable disk
corresponding to the memory card and then remove the card from the card
reader or card slot.
Step 2—View Pictures
Pictures are displayed in ViewNX 2 when transfer is
complete.
❚❚ Retouching Photographs
To crop pictures and perform such tasks as adjusting sharpness
and tone levels, click the Edit button in the ViewNX 2 toolbar.
❚❚ Editing Movies
To perform such tasks as trimming unwanted footage from
movies shot with the camera, click the Movie Editor button in
the ViewNX 2 toolbar.
❚❚ Printing Pictures
Click the Print button in the ViewNX 2 toolbar.
A dialog will be
displayed, allowing you to print pictures on a printer connected
to the computer.
AStarting ViewNX 2 Manually
Windows: Double-click the ViewNX 2
shortcut on the desktop.
Mac OS: Click the ViewNX 2 icon in the Dock.
AFor More Information
Consult online help for more information on using
ViewNX 2.
Click Start Transfe
r
65
n
n
Technical Notes
This camera supports autofocus with AF-S and AF-I CPU lenses only.
AF-S lenses have
names beginning with AF-S, AF-I lenses names beginning with AF-I.
Autofocus is not
supported with other autofocus (AF) lenses.
The following table lists the features
available with compatible lenses in viewfinder photography:
Compatible CPU Lenses
Camera setting Focus Mode Metering
Lens/accessory AF
MF (with electronic
rangefinder) MF MOther modes
LM
N
3D Color
AF-S, AF-I NIKKOR1✔✔2
Other type G or D AF NIKKOR1✔✔2
PC-E NIKKOR series 3✔✔
3332, 3
PC Micro 85mm f/2.8D43✔✔ 2, 3
AF-S/AF-I teleconverter 566✔✔ 2
Other AF NIKKOR (except lenses for F3AF) 7✔✔ ✔✔
2
AI-P NIKKOR 8✔✔ ✔✔
2
1 Use AF-S or AF-I lenses to get the most from your
camera. Vibration Reduction (VR) supported
with VR lenses.
2 Spot metering meters selected focus point.
3 Can not be used with shifting or tilting.
4 The cameras exposure metering and flash
control systems may not function as expected
when the lens is shifted and/or tilted or an
aperture other than the maximum aperture is
used.
5AF-S or AF-I lens required.
6 With maximum effective aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
7 When AF 80–200mm f/2.8, AF 35–70mm f/2.8,
AF 28–85mm f/3.5–4.5 (New), or AF 28–85mm
f/3.5–4.5 lenses are zoomed all the way in at the
minimum focus distance, the in-focus indicator
may be displayed when the image on the matte
screen in the viewfinder is not in focus.
Focus
manually until image in viewfinder is in focus.
8 With maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
AIdentifying CPU and Type G and D Lenses
CPU lenses can be identified by the presence of CPU contacts, type G and D lenses by a letter
on the lens barrel.
Type G lenses are not equipped with a lens aperture ring.
CPU contacts Aperture ring
CPU lens Type G lens Type D lens
DIX NIKKOR Lenses
IX NIKKOR lenses can not be used.
ALens f-number
The f-number given in lens names is the maximum aperture of the lens.
66
n
Other Accessories
At the time of writing, the following accessories were available for the D5100.
Power
sources
Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL14 (012): Additional EN-EL14 batteries are
available from local retailers and Nikon-authorized service representatives.
Battery Charger MH-24 (012): Recharge EN-EL14 batteries.
Power Connector EP-5A, AC Adapter EH-5b: These accessories can be used to power the
camera for extended periods (EH-5a and EH-5 AC adapters can also be used).
A
power connector EP-5A is required to connect the camera to the EH-5b, EH-5a,
or EH-5.
Filters
Filters intended for special-effects photography may interfere with autofocus
or the electronic rangefinder.
The D5100 can not be used with linear polarizing filters.
Use C-PL or C-PL II
circular polarizing filters instead.
NC filters are recommended for protecting the lens.
To prevent ghosting, use of a filter is not recommended when the subject is
framed against a bright light, or when a bright light source is in the frame.
Center-weighted metering is recommended with filters with exposure factors
(filter factors) over 1 × (Y44, Y48, Y52, O56, R60, X0, X1, C-PL, ND2S, ND4, ND4S,
ND8, ND8S, ND400, A2, A12, B2, B8, B12). See the filter manual for details.
Viewfinder
eyepiece
accessories
DK-20C Eyepiece Correction Lenses: Lenses are available with diopters of –5, –4, –3,
–2, 0, +0.5, +1, +2, and +3 m–1 when the camera diopter adjustment control is
in the neutral position (–1 m–1).
Use eyepiece correction lenses only if the
desired focus can not be achieved with the built in diopter adjustment control
(–1.7 to +0.7 m–1).
Test eyepiece correction lenses before purchase to ensure
that the desired focus can be achieved.
The rubber eyecup can not be used
with eyepiece correction lenses.
Magnifier DG-2: The DG-2 magnifies the scene displayed in the center of the
viewfinder for greater precision during focusing.
Eyepiece adapter required
(available separately).
Eyepiece Adapter DK-22: The DK-22 is used when attaching the DG-2 magnifier.
Right-Angle Viewing Attachment DR-6: The DR-6 attaches at a right angle to the
viewfinder eyepiece, allowing the image in the viewfinder to be viewed at right
angles to the lens (for example, from directly above when the camera is
horizontal).
Software
Capture NX 2: A complete photo editing package offering such features as white
balance adjustment and color control points.
Camera Control Pro 2: Control the camera remotely from a computer and save
photographs directly to the computer hard disk.
Note: Use the latest versions of Nikon software.
Most Nikon software offers an
auto update feature when the computer is connected to the Internet. See the
websites listed on page vi for the latest information on supported operating
systems.
Body cap BF-1B and BF-1A Body Caps: The body cap keeps the mirror, viewfinder screen, and
low-pass filter free of dust when a lens is not in place.
67
n
Approved Memory Cards
The following SD memory cards have been tested and approved for use in the D5100.
Cards with class 6 or faster write speeds are recommended for movie recording.
Recording may end unexpectedly when cards with slower write speeds are used.
Other cards have not been tested.
For more details on the above cards, please
contact the manufacturer.
Remote
controls
ML-L3 wireless remote control (030): The ML-L3 uses a 3 V CR2025 battery.
Pressing the battery-chamber latch to the right (q), insert a fingernail into the
gap and open the battery chamber (w).
Ensure that the battery is inserted in the
correct orientation (r).
Microphones ME-1 stereo microphone: Record stereo sound while reducing the noise caused by
lens vibration being recorded during autofocus.
Accessory
terminal
accessories
The D5100 is equipped with an accessory terminal for
MC-DC2 remote cords and GP-1 GPS units, which connect with
the 4 mark on the connector aligned with the 2 next
to the accessory terminal (close the connector cover
when the terminal is not in use).
SD memory cards SDHC memory cards 2SDXC memory cards 3
SanDisk
1GB, 2GB1
4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB, 32 GB 64 GB
Toshiba
Panasonic 4 GB, 6 GB, 8 GB, 12 GB, 16 GB, 24 GB,
32 GB 48 GB, 64 GB
Lexar Media 4GB, 8GB
Platinum II 4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB, 32 GB
Professional 4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB, 32 GB
1 Check that any card readers or other devices with which the card will be used support 2 GB cards.
2 Check that any card readers or other devices with which the card will be used are SDHC-compliant.
The
camera supports UHS-1.
3 Check that any card readers or other devices with which the card will be used are
SDXC-compliant.
The camera supports UHS-1.
68
n
Caring for the Camera
Storage
When the camera will not be used for an extended period, remove the battery and
store it in a cool, dry area with the terminal cover in place.
To prevent mold or
mildew, store the camera in a dry, well-ventilated area.
Do not store your camera
with naphtha or camphor moth balls or in locations that:
are poorly ventilated or subject to humidities of over 60%
are next to equipment that produces strong electromagnetic fields, such as
televisions or radios
are exposed to temperatures above 50 °C (122 °F) or below –10 °C (14 °F)
Cleaning
Do not use alcohol, thinner, or other volatile chemicals.
Camera
body
Use a blower to remove dust and lint, then wipe gently with a soft, dry cloth.
After
using the camera at the beach or seaside, wipe off sand or salt with a cloth lightly
dampened in distilled water and dry thoroughly.
Important: Dust or other foreign
matter inside the camera may cause damage not covered under warranty.
Lens,
mirror, and
viewfinder
These glass elements are easily damaged.
Remove dust and lint with a blower.
If
using an aerosol blower, keep the can vertical to prevent the discharge of liquid.
To
remove fingerprints and other stains, apply a small amount of lens cleaner to a soft
cloth and clean with care.
Monitor
Remove dust and lint with a blower.
When removing fingerprints and other stains,
wipe the surface lightly with a soft cloth or chamois leather.
Do not apply pressure,
as this could result in damage or malfunction.
DServicing the Camera and Accessories
The camera is a precision device and requires regular servicing.
Nikon recommends that the
camera be inspected by the original retailer or Nikon-authorized service representative once
every one to two years, and that it be serviced once every three to five years (note that fees
apply to these services).
Frequent inspection and servicing are particularly recommended if
the camera is used professionally.
Any accessories regularly used with the camera, such as
lenses or optional flash units, should be included when the camera is inspected or serviced.
69
n
Caring for the Camera and Battery: Cautions
Do not drop: The product may malfunction if subjected to strong shocks or vibration.
Keep dry: This product is not waterproof, and may malfunction if immersed in water or exposed
to high levels of humidity.
Rusting of the internal mechanism can cause irreparable damage.
Avoid sudden changes in temperature: Sudden changes in temperature, such as those that occur
when entering or leaving a heated building on a cold day, can cause condensation inside the
device.
To prevent condensation, place the device in a carrying case or plastic bag before
exposing it to sudden changes in temperature.
Keep away from strong magnetic fields: Do not use or store this device in the vicinity of equipment
that generates strong electromagnetic radiation or magnetic fields.
Strong static charges or
the magnetic fields produced by equipment such as radio transmitters could interfere with the
monitor, damage data stored on the memory card, or affect the product’s internal circuitry.
Do not leave the lens pointed at the sun: Do not leave the lens pointed at the sun or other strong light
source for an extended period.
Intense light may cause the image sensor to deteriorate or
produce a white blur effect in photographs.
Turn the product off before removing or disconnecting the power source: Do not unplug the product or
remove the battery while the product is on or while images are being recorded or deleted.
Forcibly cutting power in these circumstances could result in loss of data or in damage to
product memory or internal circuitry.
To prevent an accidental interruption of power, avoid
carrying the product from one location to another while the AC adapter is connected.
Cleaning: When cleaning the camera body, use a blower to gently remove dust and lint, then
wipe gently with a soft, dry cloth.
After using the camera at the beach or seaside, wipe off any
sand or salt using a cloth lightly dampened in pure water and then dry the camera thoroughly.
The lens and mirror are easily damaged.
Dust and lint should be gently removed with a blower.
When using an aerosol blower, keep the can vertical to prevent discharge of liquid.
To remove
fingerprints and other stains from the lens, apply a small amount of lens cleaner to a soft cloth
and wipe the lens carefully.
See the Reference Manual (on CD) for information on cleaning the low-pass filter.
70
n
Do not touch the shutter curtain: The shutter curtain is extremely thin and easily damaged.
Under
no circumstances should you exert pressure on the curtain, poke it with cleaning tools, or
subject it to powerful air currents from a blower.
These actions could scratch, deform, or tear
the curtain.
Storage: To prevent mold or mildew, store the camera in a dry, well-ventilated area.
If you are
using an AC adapter, unplug the adapter to prevent fire.
If the product will not be used for an
extended period, remove the battery to prevent leakage and store the camera in a plastic bag
containing a desiccant.
Do not, however, store the camera case in a plastic bag, as this may
cause the material to deteriorate.
Note that desiccant gradually loses its capacity to absorb
moisture and should be replaced at regular intervals.
To prevent mold or mildew, take the camera out of storage at least once a month.
Turn the
camera on and release the shutter a few times before putting it away.
Store the battery in a cool, dry place.
Replace the terminal cover before putting the battery
away.
Notes on the monitor: The monitor may contain a few pixels that are always lit or that do not light.
This is common to all TFT LCD monitors and does not indicate a malfunction.
Images recorded
with the product are unaffected.
Images in the monitor may be difficult to see in a bright light.
Do not apply pressure to the monitor, as this could cause damage or malfunction.
Dust or lint
on the monitor can be removed with a blower.
Stains can be removed by wiping lightly with a
soft cloth or chamois leather.
Should the monitor break, care should be taken to avoid injury
from broken glass and to prevent liquid crystal from the monitor touching the skin or entering
the eyes and mouth.
Moiré: Moiré is an interference pattern created by the interaction of an image containing a
regular, repeating grid, such as the pattern of weave in cloth or windows in a building, with the
camera image sensor grid.
If you notice moiré in your photographs, try changing the distance
to the subject, zooming in and out, or changing the angle between the subject and the
camera.
71
n
Batteries: Batteries may leak or explode if improperly handled.
Observe the following
precautions when handling batteries:
Use only batteries approved for use in this equipment.
Do not expose the battery to flame or excessive heat.
Keep the battery terminals clean.
Turn the product off before replacing the battery.
Remove the battery from the camera or charger when not in use and replace the terminal
cover.
These devices draw minute amounts of charge even when off and could draw the
battery down to the point that it will no longer function.
If the battery will not be used for
some time, insert it in the camera and run it flat before removing it and storing it in a location
with an ambient temperature of 15 to 25 °C (59 to 77 °F; avoid hot or extremely cold
locations).
Repeat this process at least once every six months.
Turning the camera on and off repeatedly when the battery is fully discharged will shorten
battery life.
Batteries that have been fully discharged must be charged before use.
The internal temperature of the battery may rise while the battery is in use.
Attempting to
charge the battery while the internal temperature is elevated will impair battery
performance, and the battery may not charge or charge only partially.
Wait for the battery
to cool before charging.
Continuing to charge the battery after it is fully charged can impair battery performance.
Use the charger with compatible batteries only.
Unplug when not in use.
Do not move the charger or touch the battery during charging.
Failure to observe this
precaution could in very rare instances result in the charger showing that charging is
complete when the battery is only partially charged.
Remove and reinsert the battery to
begin charging again.
A marked drop in the time a fully charged battery retains its charge when used at room
temperature indicates that it requires replacement.
Purchase a new EN-EL14 battery.
Charge the battery before use.
When taking photographs on important occasions, ready a
spare EN-EL14 battery and keep it fully charged.
Depending on your location, it may be
difficult to purchase replacement batteries on short notice.
Note that on cold days, the
capacity of batteries tends to decrease.
Be sure the battery is fully charged before taking
photographs outside in cold weather.
Keep a spare battery in a warm place and exchange
the two as necessary.
Once warmed, a cold battery may recover some of its charge.
Used batteries are a valuable resource; recycle in accord with local regulations.
72
n
Error Messages
This section lists the indicators and error messages that appear in the viewfinder and
monitor.
AWarning Icons
A flashing d in the monitor or s in the viewfinder indicates that a warning or error message
can be displayed in the monitor by pressing the Q (W) button.
Indicator
SolutionMonitor Viewfinder
Lock lens aperture ring
at minimum aperture
(largest f/-number)
B
(blinks)
Set lens aperture ring to minimum aperture (largest
f-number).
Lens not attached F/s
(blinks)
Attach non-IX NIKKOR lens.
If non-CPU lens is attached, select mode M.
Shutter release disabled.
Recharge battery. d
(blinks)
Turn camera off and recharge or replace battery.
This battery cannot be used.
Choose battery designated
for use in this camera.
Use Nikon-approved battery.
Initialization error. Turn
camera off and then on
again.
d/
k
(blinks)
Turn camera off, remove and replace battery, and then
turn camera on again.
Battery level is low.
Complete operation and turn
camera off immediately.
End cleaning and turn camera off and recharge or replace
battery.
Clock not set Set camera clock.
No SD card inserted S/s
(blinks)
Turn camera off and confirm that card is correctly
inserted.
Memory card is locked.
Slide lock to “write” position.
(
(blinks)
Memory card is locked (write protected).
Slide card write-
protect switch to “write” position.
This memory card cannot be
used. Card may be damaged.
Insert another card.
(/k
(blinks)
Use approved card.
Format card. If problem persists, card may be
damaged. Contact Nikon-authorized service
representative.
Error creating new folder.
Delete files or insert new
memory card.
Insert new memory card.
Eye-Fi card is still emitting wireless signal after Disable
has been selected for Eye-Fi upload.
To terminate
wireless transmission, turn the camera off and remove
the card.
73
n
Not available if Eye-Fi card is
locked
(/k
(blinks)
Eye-Fi card is locked (write protected). Slide card write-
protect switch to “write” position.
This card is not formatted.
Format the card.
T
(blinks)
Format card or turn camera off and insert new memory
card.
Card is full j/A/s
(blinks)
Reduce quality or size.
Delete photographs.
Insert new memory card.
(blinks)
Camera can not focus using autofocus.
Change
composition or focus manually.
Subject is too bright
s
(blinks)
Use a lower ISO sensitivity.
Use commercial ND filter.
In mode:
SIncrease shutter speed
AChoose a smaller aperture (larger f-number)
%Choose another shooting mode
Subject is too dark
Use a higher ISO sensitivity.
Use flash.
In mode:
SLower shutter speed
AChoose a larger aperture (smaller f-number)
No Bulb in S mode A
(blinks) Change shutter speed or select manual exposure mode.
No Bulb in HDR mode A
(blinks) Change shutter speed.
Interval timer shooting Menus and playback are not available while interval timer
photography is in progress. Turn camera off.
N
(blinks)
Flash has fired at full power.
Check photo in monitor; if
underexposed, adjust settings and try again.
Flash is in TTL mode. Choose
another setting or use a CPU
lens.
Change flash mode setting on optional flash unit or use
CPU lens.
N/s
(blinks)
Use the flash.
Change distance to subject, aperture, flash range, or
ISO sensitivity.
Lens focal length is less than 18 mm: use a longer focal
length.
Optional SB-400 flash unit attached: flash is in bounce
position or focus distance is very short.
Continue
shooting; if necessary, increase focus distance to
prevent shadows from appearing in photograph.
Indicator
SolutionMonitor Viewfinder
74
n
Flash error s
(blinks)
Error occurred updating firmware for optional flash unit.
Contact Nikon-authorized service representative.
Error. Press shutter release
button again.
O
(blinks)
Release shutter.
If error persists or appears frequently,
consult Nikon-authorized service representative.
Start-up error. Contact a
Nikon-authorized service
representative. Consult Nikon-authorized service representative.
Autoexposure error
Unable to start live view.
Please wait for camera to
cool.
Wait for the internal circuits to cool before resuming live
view or movie recording.
Folder contains no images. Folder selected for playback contains no images.
Insert
another memory card or select a different folder.
Cannot display this file. File has been created or modified using a computer or
different make of camera, or file is corrupt.
Cannot select this file.
No image for retouching. Memory card does not contain NEF (RAW) images for use
with NEF (RAW) processing.
Check printer. —Check printer.
To resume, select Continue (if available).
Check paper. Paper is not selected size.
Insert paper of correct size and
select Continue.
Paper jam. Clear jam and select Continue.
Out of paper. Insert paper of selected size and select Continue.
Check ink supply. —Check ink.
To resume, select Continue.
Out of ink. Replace ink and select Continue.
* See printer manual for more information.
Indicator
SolutionMonitor Viewfinder
75
n
Specifications
❚❚ Nikon D5100 Digital Camera
Type
Type Single-lens reflex digital camera
Lens mount Nikon F mount (with AF contacts)
Effective angle of view Approx. 1.5 × lens focal length (Nikon DX format)
Effective pixels
Effective pixels 16.2 million
Image sensor
Image sensor 23.6 × 15.6 mm CMOS sensor
Total pixels 16.9 million
Dust-reduction System Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (optional
Capture NX 2 software required)
Storage
Image size (pixels) 4,928 × 3,264 (L) 3,696 × 2,448 (M)
2,464 × 1,632 (S)
File format NEF (RAW): 14 bit, compressed
JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1 : 4), normal (approx.
1 : 8), or basic (approx. 1 : 16) compression
NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and
JPEG formats
Picture Control System Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape; selected
Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls
Media SD (Secure Digital), SDHC, and SDXC memory cards
File system DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System) 2.0, DPOF (Digital Print Order
Format), Exif 2.3 (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still
Cameras), PictBridge
Viewfinder
Viewfinder Eye-level pentamirror single-lens reflex viewfinder
Frame coverage Approx. 95% horizontal and 95% vertical
Magnification Approx. 0.78 × (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, –1.0 m–1)
Eyepoint 17.9 mm (–1.0 m–1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
Diopter adjustment –1.7+0.7 m–1
Focusing screen Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VII screen
Reflex mirror Quick return
Lens aperture Instant return, electronically controlled
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n
Lens
Compatible lenses Autofocus is available with AF-S and AF-I lenses. Autofocus is not
available with other type G and D lenses, AF lenses (IX NIKKOR and lenses
for the F3AF are not supported), and AI-P lenses. Non-CPU lenses can be
used in mode M, but the camera exposure meter will not function.
The electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a
maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
Shutter
Type Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
Speed 1/4000 – 30 s in steps of 1/3 or 1/2EV; Bulb; Time (requires optional ML-L3
remote control)
Flash sync speed X=1/200 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/200 s or slower
Release
Release mode 8 (single frame), I (continuous), E (self-timer), " (delayed remote),
#(quick-response remote), J(quiet shutter release)
Frame advance rate Up to 4 fps (manual focus, mode M or S, shutter speed 1/250 s or faster, and
other settings at default values)
Self-timer 2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1–9 exposures
Exposure
Metering TTL exposure metering using 420-pixel RGB sensor
Metering method Matrix: 3D color matrix metering II (type G and D lenses); color matrix
metering II (other CPU lenses)
Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 8-mm circle in center of frame
Spot: Meters 3.5-mm circle (about 2.5% of frame) centered on selected
focus point
Range (ISO 100, f/1.4
lens, 20 °C/68 °F)
Matrix or center-weighted metering: 020 EV
Spot metering: 220 EV
Exposure meter
coupling CPU
Mode Auto modes (iauto; jauto, flash off); programmed auto with flexible
program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual
(M); scene modes (kportrait; llandscape; pchild; msports; nclose up; onight
portrait; rnight landscape; sparty/indoor; tbeach/snow; usunset; vdusk/dawn; wpet
portrait; xcandlelight; yblossom; zautumn colors; 0food); special effects modes
(%night vision; gcolor sketch; (miniature effect; 3selective color; 1silhouette; 2high
key; 3low key)
Exposure compensation
–5 – +5 EV in increments of 1/3 or 1/2EV
Bracketing
Exposure bracketing: 3 frames in steps of 1/3 or 1/2EV
White balance bracketing: 3 frames in steps of 1
Active D-Lighting bracketing: 2 frames
Exposure lock Luminosity locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button
77
n
ISO sensitivity
(Recommended
Exposure Index)
ISO 100 – 6400 in steps of 1/3 EV.
Can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.7, 1, or
2 EV (ISO 25600 equivalent) above ISO 6400; auto ISO sensitivity control
available
Active D-Lighting Auto, extra high, high, normal, low, off
Focus
Autofocus Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 autofocus sensor module with TTL phase
detection, 11 focus points (including one cross-type sensor), and AF-
assist illuminator (range approx. 0.53 m/1 ft. 8 in.9 ft. 10 in.)
Detection range –1 – +19 EV (ISO 100, 20 °C/68 °F)
Lens servo Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); auto
AF-S/AF-C selection (AF-A); predictive focus tracking activated
automatically according to subject status
Manual focus (MF): Electronic rangefinder can be used
Focus point Can be selected from 11 focus points
AF-area mode Single-point AF, dynamic-area AF, auto-area AF, 3D-tracking (11 points)
Focus lock Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-
servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button
Flash
Built-in flash i, k, p, n, o, s, w, g: Auto flash with auto pop-up
P, S, A, M, 0: Manual pop-up with button release
Guide Number Approx. 12/39, 13/43 with manual flash (m/ft, ISO 100, 20 °C/68 °F)
Flash control TTL: i-TTL balanced fill-flash and standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR
using 420-pixel RGB sensor are available with built-in flash and SB-900,
SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, or SB-400 (i-TTL balanced fill-flash is available
when matrix or center-weighted metering is selected)
Auto aperture: Available with SB-900/SB-800 and CPU lens
Non-TTL auto: Supported flash units include SB-900, SB-800, SB-80DX,
SB-28DX, SB-28, SB-27, and SB-22S
Distance-priority manual: Available with SB-900, SB-800, and SB-700
Flash mode Auto, auto with red-eye reduction, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with
red-eye reduction, fill-flash, red-eye reduction, slow sync, slow sync with
red-eye reduction, rear-curtain with slow sync, rear-curtain sync, off
Flash compensation –3 – +1 EV in increments of 1/3 or 1/2EV
Flash-ready indicator Lights when built-in flash or optional flash unit such as SB-900, SB-800,
SB-700, SB-600, or SB-400 is fully charged; blinks for 3 s after flash is fired
at full output
Accessory shoe ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock
Nikon Creative Lighting
System (CLS)
Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-900, SB-800, or SB-700 as
a master flash, or SU-800 as commander; Flash Color Information
Communication supported with built-in flash and all CLS-compatible
flash units
Sync terminal AS-15 sync terminal adapter (available separately)
Exposure
78
n
White balance
White balance Auto, incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy,
shade, preset manual, all except preset manual with fine tuning.
Live view
Lens servo Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); full-time-servo AF (AF-F)
Manual focus (MF)
AF-area mode Face-priority AF, wide-area AF, normal-area AF, subject-tracking AF
Autofocus Contrast-detect AF anywhere in frame (camera selects focus point
automatically when face-priority AF or subject-tracking AF is selected)
Automatic scene
selection
Available in i and j modes
Movie
Metering TTL exposure metering using main image sensor
Metering method Matrix
Frame size (pixels) and
frame rate
1,920 × 1,080, 30 p/25 p/24 p, high/normal
1,280 × 720, 30 p/25 p/24 p, high/normal
640 × 424, 30 p/25 p, high/normal
A frame rate of 30 p (actual frame rate 29.97 fps) is available when NTSC
is selected for video mode. 25 p is available when PAL is selected for
video mode. Actual frame rate when 24 p is selected is 23.976 fps.
File format MOV
Video compression H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding
Audio recording format Linear PCM
Audio recording device Built-in monaural or external stereo microphone; sensitivity adjustable
Monitor
Monitor 7.5-cm/3-in., approx. 921k-dot (VGA), vari-angle low-temperature
polysilicon TFT LCD with 170 ° viewing angle, approx. 100% frame
coverage, and brightness adjustment
Playback
Playback Full-frame and thumbnail (4, 9, or 72 images or calendar) playback with
playback zoom, movie playback, slide show, histogram display,
highlights, auto image rotation, and image comment (up to 36
characters)
79
n
Unless otherwise stated, all figures are for a camera with a fully-charged battery operating at an ambient
temperature of 20 °C (68 °F).
Nikon reserves the right to change the specifications of the hardware and software described in this
manual at any time and without prior notice.
Nikon will not be held liable for damages that may result
from any mistakes that this manual may contain.
Interface
USB Hi-Speed USB
Video output NTSC, PAL
HDMI output Type C mini-pin HDMI connector
Accessory terminal Remote cord: MC-DC2 (available separately)
GPS unit: GP-1 (available separately)
Audio input Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5mm diameter)
Supported languages
Supported languages Arabic, Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Czech, Danish, Dutch,
English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean,
Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish
Power source
Battery One rechargeable Li-ion EN-EL14 battery
AC adapter
EH-5b AC adapter; requires EP-5A power connector (available separately)
Tripod socket
Tripod socket 1/4 in. (ISO 1222)
Dimensions/weight
Dimensions (W × H × D)
Approx.128 × 97 × 79 mm (5.0 × 3.8 × 3.1 in.)
Weight Approx. 560 g (1 lb. 3.7 oz.) with battery and memory card but without
body cap; approx. 510 g/1 lb. 2 oz. (camera body only)
Operating environment
Temperature 0–40 °C (+32–104 °F)
Humidity Less than 85% (no condensation)
80
n
Nikon reserves the right to change the specifications of the hardware and software described in this
manual at any time and without prior notice.
Nikon will not be held liable for damages that may result
from any mistakes that this manual may contain.
MH-24 battery charger
Rated input AC 100–240 V, 50/60 Hz, 0.2A maximum
Rated output DC 8.4 V/0.9 A
Supported batteries Nikon rechargeable Li-ion battery EN-EL14
Charging time Approx. 1 hour and 30 minutes when no charge remains
Operating temperature 0–40 °C (+32–104 °F)
Dimensions (W × H × D)
Approx. 70 × 26 × 97 mm (2.8 × 1.0 × 3.8 in.), excluding plug adapter
Weight Approx. 89 g (3.1 oz.), excluding plug adapter
EN-EL14 rechargeable Li-ion battery
Type Rechargeable lithium-ion battery
Rated capacity 7.4 V/1030 mAh
Dimensions (W × H × D)
Approx. 38 × 53 × 14 mm (1.5 × 2.1 × 0.6 in.)
Weight Approx. 48 g (1.7 oz.), excluding terminal cover
AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55mm f/3.5–5.6G VR lens
Type Type G AF-S DX NIKKOR zoom lens with built-in CPU and F mount for use
exclusively with Nikon DX-format digital SLR cameras
Focal length 18–55 mm
Maximum aperture f/3.5–5.6
Lens construction 11 elements in 8 groups (including 1 aspherical element)
Angle of view 76 °28 ° 50 ´
Focal length scale Graduated in millimeters (18, 24, 35, 45, 55)
Distance information Output to camera
Zoom Manual zoom using independent zoom ring
Focusing Autofocus controlled by Silent Wave Motor; manual focus
Vibration reduction Lens-shift method using voice coil motors (VCMs)
Minimum focus distance 0.28 m (0.9 ft) from focal plane at all zoom positions
Diaphragm blades 7 (rounded diaphragm opening)
Diaphragm Fully automatic
Aperture range 18 mm focal length: f/3.5–22 55 mm focal length: f/5.6–36
Metering Full aperture
Filter-attachment size 52 mm (P=0.75 mm)
Dimensions Approx. 73 mm diameter × 79.5 mm/2.9 × 3.1 in. (distance from camera lens-
mount flange)
Weight Approx. 265 g (9.3 oz.)
81
n
ABattery Life
The number of shots that can be taken with fully-charged batteries varies with the condition
of the battery, temperature, and how the camera is used.
Sample figures for EN-EL14
(1030 mAh) batteries are given below.
Single-frame release mode (CIPA standard 1): Approximately 660 shots
Continuous release mode (Nikon standard 2): Approximately 2200 shots
1 Measured at 23 °C/73.4 °F (±2 °C/3.6 °F) with an AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55mm
f/3.5–5.6G VR lens under the following test conditions: lens cycled from infinity to
minimum range and one photograph taken at default settings once every 30 s; after
photograph is taken, monitor is turned on for 4 s; tester waits for exposure meters to
turn off after monitor is turned off; flash fired at full power once every other shot.
Live
view not used.
2 Measured at 20 °C/68 °F with an AF-S DX NIKKOR 18–55mm f/3.5–5.6G VR lens under
the following test conditions: vibration reduction off, continuous release mode, focus
mode set to AF-C, image quality set to JPEG basic, image size set to M (medium), white
balance set to v, ISO sensitivity set to ISO 100, shutter speed 1/250 s, focus cycled from
infinity to minimum range three times after shutter-release button has been pressed
halfway for 3 s; six shots are then taken in succession and monitor turned on for 4 s and
then turned off; cycle repeated once exposure meters have turned off.
The following can reduce battery life:
Using the monitor
Keeping the shutter-release button pressed halfway
Repeated autofocus operations
Taking NEF (RAW) photographs
Slow shutter speeds
Using a GP-1 GPS unit
Using VR (vibration reduction) mode with VR lenses
To ensure that you get the most from rechargeable Nikon EN-EL14 batteries:
Keep the battery contacts clean.
Soiled contacts can reduce battery performance.
Use batteries immediately after charging.
Batteries will lose their charge if left unused.
ATrademark Information
Macintosh, Mac OS, and QuickTime are registered trademarks of Apple Inc. in the United
States and/or other countries.
Microsoft, Windows, and Windows Vista are either registered
trademarks, or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other
countries.
PictBridge logo is a trademark.
The SD, SDHC, and SDXC logos are trademarks of
the SD-3C, LLC.
HDMI, the HDMI logo and High-Definition Multimedia Interface are
trademarks or registered trademarks of HDMI Licensing LLC.
All other trade names
mentioned in this manual or the other documentation provided with your Nikon product
are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
82
No reproduction in any form of this manual, in whole or in part (except for brief
quotation in critical articles or reviews), may be made without written authorization
from NIKON CORPORATION.
Printed in Thailand
6MB11511-03
DIGITAL CAMERA
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User's Manual
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